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Central Government’s largest-ever sanitation programme, has been subdivided into Urban and Rural components. The principal resolve of the Mission is to make India open defection free by October 2, 2019- Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th birth anniversary. It has 8 objectives and 5 components.
The 8 objectives are –
(i) Eliminate open defecation,
(ii) Conversion of insanitary toilets to pour flush toilets,
(iii) Eradication of manual scavenging,
(iv) 100% collection and scientific processing/disposal reuse/recycle of Municipal Solid Waste,
(v) To bring about a behavioral change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices,
(vi) Generate awareness among the citizens about sanitation and its linkages with public health.
(vii) Strengthening of urban local bodies to design, execute and operate systems,
(viii) To create enabling environment for private sector participation in Capital Expenditure and Operation & Maintenance (O&M) costs.
The 5 components are –
(i) Construction of Household Toilets,
(ii) Community and Public Toilets,
(iii) Solid Waste Management,
(iv) Information, Education & Communication (IEC) and Public Awareness,
(v) Capacity Building and Administrative & Office Expenses (A&OE).
Weighing the scales:
What do restaurants think?
It can be one of the points for a mains answer on Swachh Bharat, sanitation issues.
Just know the name ‘Roko-Toko campaign’. This can be quoted as an example of community based initiative to promote cleanliness.
Swachh Survekshan is the very first survey commissioned by MoUD since the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission.
Proceeds from this cess will be exclusively used for Swachh Bharat initiatives.
Recommended the levy of a cess on petrol, diesel and telecom services to finance the Swachh Bharat mission.
Swachh Bharat needs everyone to want a toilet and use it all the time.
How can rural sanitation really take off?
Why do people prefer open defecation and not want toilets or, if they have them, only use them some of the time?
From recent research,What really need to learn?
How could such a radical, convulsive switch be brought about widely?
So be brutal in pinning responsibility on those who defecate in the open.