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Interview Program

BLOG BY DEBRAJ DAS(IPS-2018) || How to Say Things Better

Cracking an interview is an art and one has to master it through practice. Personality Test is not about knowledge only. It is an art to present ideas in a non-confrontational amicable manner. Hence any element of self doubt, propensity to argue to prove a point or taking extreme views/ opinion can turn out to be detrimental for your success.
Here I have tried to put forward some tested strategies and analysis which are cardinal for cracking any interview with confidence. Some of the ideas may appear counter-intuitive or different from what has been advised during mock tests. The materials provided here are based on my personal experiences in facing the Board and culmination of years of Corporate experience in the areas of recruitment and negotiations.

In order to prepare for UPSC personality test or as such any interview, it is important to understand the demand of the services and the qualities an interviewer seeks within the candidate.
The services of IAS, IPS and Central Civil Services are meant to provide efficient leadership to the entire bureaucratic apparatus. They do not require domain experts, or they could have recruited PhD students. They require people with normal intelligence, having good amount of common sense, excellent communication skills and those who can appreciate the changes /impacts brought about in the society by events occurring around us.
What you say and what you communicate are two different things. Through your answers, at a subtle level you are opening up your mind and thought process. This opens up a window for the interviewer to peep inside your value system. You must ensure that these values are in sync with constitutional and liberal democratic values.
The qualities the interviewer looks for in the candidate are-

  • Leadership qualities: Leadership is a cluster concept which is a culmination of several qualities like integrity, honesty, compassion etc. But what is one of the most important aspects is clarity of thoughts. Do you hold a clear opinion about an issue / incident/ development going on around you? Only when you are clear within yourself, you can provide an unambiguous direction to others
  • Whether you can understand the consequences of an action/ policy across various sections of the society and economy
  • Whether you criticize everything or hold a balanced / positive view. Every action has a positive and negative aspect. There is very few win-win decisions made in today’s world. It is important that you know both sides of the coin. But if a policy is not yielding its desired results, it does not mean that the idea should be rejected, it only means that the policy suffers implementation failures. Hence the lapses must be plugged using say technology/ governance/ innovative monitoring / social engineering etc.
  • Whether you are dogmatic or flexible/ tolerant in accepting new views- It is natural as human beings to hold perception biases towards different aspects of society eg. Gender Chauvinism, Cultural superiority etc. These are ingrained in us during our formative years. However holding such biases as a public servant is not desirable. You need to be tolerant and receptive of new ideas/ norms which are progressive in nature in line with liberal values.
  • Whether you are firm in your decisions or shift to impress others- If you hold an idea/ opinion which you think is right and the interviewer expresses a contrary view point, accept it and enrich your answer but don’t totally shift from your opinion. Truth is multifaceted and sometimes contrary opinions form the part of same truth. It does not mean that you are wrong. So stay firm but not dogmatic.

IMPORTANCE OF DAF

DAF is the most important piece of document from where the interviewer gets acquainted about you, your hobbies and area of interest and other aspects. They more often than not start their questions from the DAF only. So make sure you read and re-read your DAF, find out of there is any word/ event/ sentence/ achievement written which can attract a person’s attention and prepare about that topic well.
If you have written generic things like reading books or listening music which are open ended and interviewers’ delight to open his salvo, I would request to select a genre and read / prepare at least from the book summaries given on the internet on that topic.
I had written a specific word (“experience in arbitration”) in my experience column in which I had limited knowledge and I was apprehensive that the interviewer will ask on that point. They did. As soon as one of the panelists asked, I clarified that “I would like to elaborate on this point a bit that the subject is of vast domain and my knowledge is limited to a specific aspect of it. I was part of the steering group in my company which handled the arbitration process under AMRCD (Administrative Mechanism for Resolution of CPSE Disputes) with another PSU. As such I got considerable exposure on the art of drafting our case and the technical points which are legally critical to the matter. I also learned the cardinal concepts like ‘principle of natural justice’, ‘right to be heard’, ‘jointly and severally responsible’ etc. ”

The merits of the answer-
Defined the boundaries of knowledge- showed honesty
Explained the case in lucid manner- refrained from exaggerating personal achievement
The last few words were deliberately planted to guide the interviewer take up one of them and ask a question on them, as I was confident with them.

Connecting the dots- Finding correlation among seemingly discreet events

This is the most important quality being sought in a public servant. In today’s complex world, every sphere of life is being connected with every other. There is always a spillover of the consequences of a social/ environmental / political event into the economic sphere and the other way round. Moreover a seemingly isolated event has repercussions at regional, national and global level. As a public servant, one must be able to appreciate the consequences of a policy decision being made and how it will affect the different sections of the society. It has to be decided whether the policy will stand the test of cost benefit analysis in the long run.

Eg. The Covid crisis and Non Performing Assets. These are two distinct events, one a public health crisis and other a financial crisis. How can you relate the two phenomena?

  • Covid crisis has led to several responses like nationwide lockdown, social distancing etc in order to ‘flatten out the curve’
  • The industry output has plummeted both due to demand shock and production shock
  • As the top-line sales collapsed, the corporate witnessed financial crunch to service their debts. (Any project is financed with an optimal blend of equity and debt, the debt being serviced with the project earning only). Some production houses and SSIs which run on wafer thin margins and low levels of operating capital have become bankrupt and shut their operations.
  • RBI guidelines regarding moratorium on debt servicing coupled with a halt in Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code functioning through an ordinance has resulted in subdued recovery of loans and building up of NPAs

Develop impeccable arguments

Is NAM relevant?
An organization is only relevant as long as it serves the purpose of present times
NAM was formed at a time when the structure of the international system was fundamentally different from what it is today
Though there is a rising trend towards bipolar structure around the Sino-US poles, relationships among and between nations have become more multilayered and categorizing a nation as friend or enemy state is no longer a plausibility.
However for economic and national security concerns, it has become an imperative now to leverage on the decoupling trend between the two economic heavyweights (China and US) and pursue strategic alignment with the west.

Are we losing our friends in the neighborhood?
The current flaring up of Sino-Indian border issues and tensions over territorial claims with Nepal along with the animosity with Pakistan may be seemingly perceived that we are ceding our ground to China in the neighborhood.
However this is not an enduring phenomenon and may be seen through the prism of bandwagon phenomenon. As contrast to South China Sea maritime territorial claim of China which hardly witnessed overt protest from nation states, India has stood firm against any kind of cartographic assertion of China. The developments along the international border are being closely observed by the world including our neighbors.

The neo-colonial tendencies of China are obvious after the crisis at Hambantota port of Srilanka or the high handedness showed in Pakistan regarding CPEC.
Rather proximity of nation states with China has opened up new opportunities for India too, as along with China, they need more of India to act as a counterbalancing power.

Saying “NO”

It is ok not to know the answer to all the questions being asked in the interview. The mock tests and coaching experts always insists on saying “I don’t know Sir” as a prompt reply in case candidate does not know the answer.
Reason- It demonstrates the qualities like ‘honesty’ and ‘humility’
During my interview, I was asked a question on current affairs (specific question) to which I only had a superficial knowledge. So after a one liner answer, another question was asked relating to my opinion on that matter to which I had no clue.
So I replied- “Sir I need to delve deeper into the issues and facts of the case in order to form an opinion about it.”
The attributes of this answer are-
You said “I don’t know” but without actually saying it.
You portrayed the qualities of honesty and humility
What is most important- It demonstrates that you don’t form an opinion on half knowledge.
Notes- This services needed some innate skills and crafts where in you cannot say “no”/ “don’t know”/ “Cannot do” all the time. The art of saying “no” is a skill to be learnt. You may substitute by saying “I will revert back”/ “I will go through the case and get back to you” in order to buy some time in actual services.
Many people opine that the candidate should be straight forward and candid during interview. But “Situational Realism” is more important than being simply “Straight forward”. You need to analyze the context and situation in which the question is being asked and reply accordingly. Its like playing cricket; you need to play each ball accordingly as it comes, you cannot pre determine a shot before being bowled.

Use phrases/ quotations and examples of eminent personalities

The candidate may liberally use generic phrases which can be used in any circumstances to ornate their answer. My personal favorites are-
“It is important to do what is strategically right than what is immediately profitable”

This can be used in order to describe leadership qualities, or to justify any hard decisions taken by the Government (like lockdown).
You may also say that “A distinction may be made here about what is an expense and what is an investment”
Another appealing liner is “We do not grow as individuals, we grow as a community and it is our socio-moral duty to give back to the community whatever we can so that the community can grow as a whole.” This portrays that you appreciate that how individual is connected to / embedded to the community and why paying taxes or providing altruistic works/ charity is imperative in tough times (viz during lockdown individuals and corporate came forward to alleviate the plight of marginalized)
Candidates need to create their own ‘power pact one liners’ and use them as per situation.

Start with generic answer for specific issue based questions

Candidates are often asked specific questions on a particular issue and are told to express their opinion. The propensity is to start straight away with the opinion. What the interviewer is more interested in is not only your opinion but the material basis/ considerations based on which you took your decisions. This will give an idea to how your thought process works. The opinion in itself is of secondary importance.
A question was asked on what opinion the candidate holds regarding PM –KISAN scheme. Along with that the interviewer gave his own negative opinion that it was not sustainable.
The answer started with the basics of “work and wages”. The conventional discourse was to work and provide labor and get paid for that labor. This was the basics behind schemes like MGNREGA. A person gets enrolled, demands job, gives labor and gets paid for the same. However with automation and increasing machine hours replacing man-hours, returns to labor has disproportionately reduced. Hence is disposable household income and Consumption Demand in the economy. Hence discourses like Universal Basic Income has cropped in which is based on the premise of delinking work with income, ie you get an income even of you do not work. This is imperative for the survival of the capitalist system itself, else if people do not have money then who will buy all the commodities being produced..!! PM-KISAN is a scaled down and targeted version of UBI concept only.

What this answer communicated are-
Your conceptual clarity behind the implementation of this scheme You appreciate the progressive development of ideas with time
You have nullified the negative connotation given by the interviewer by telling that this idea is a natural development of techno-economic progress.

Give unconventional perspectives

Give the interviewer some fodder for thought.
Eg.1 On Technology, you may say ‘technology has the potential to concentrate power and wealth. Those who are in a position to leverage it can climb up the socio-economic ladder in contrast to those who cannot, thus escalating the inequality in the society. Hence this demands positive social intervention by the Government to bring down the gap. The Digital India program was initiated to bridge the Digital divide. The impending 5G revolution must be carefully rolled out so that it is accessible to all sections of the society, else the inequality may further accentuate.

Balance and Optimism- no extreme- guiding principles Constitution/ liberal values/ democratic decision making

Balanced answer is one where you take a middle path instead of taking stances like ‘good’ or ‘bad’. Taking a stance may be detrimental as it pushes the candidate to a point of no return and the interviewer can easily corner him.
Eg. The Police response to Covid crisis has been very harsh and unbecoming-(it already gives a negative connotation which is a trap. Don’t reiterate like “yes they have been harsh/ insensible etc because there has been instances of frequent use of force and excesses”)

  • The police action as portrayed in the media is perceived to be harsh. However the pace and scale of the Covid crisis is unprecedented. Most countries had no clue on how to deal with it
  • The policy response time of lockdown has been so quick that there was hardly any time to sensitize the Police or equip them with a standard procedure.
  • The public in general have also initially failed to appreciate the reasons of lockdown.
  • This has led to frequent confrontations which are natural in the beginning of onslaught of a new normal.

As told earlier, as public servants your only guiding factors for professional ethics are constitutional and liberal values irrespective if what your values are in your private sphere.
On questions of reservations and its efficacy (specific or generic)- as told earlier, start with generic answer of principles of affirmative action and social justice. The desirability of meritocracy is to be balanced with the demand of equitable distribution of benefits and burdens. The Indian society is unique in its stratifications and hence borrowed models of individualism from the west may not hold the answer to social problems in the country. However what is not desirable is the politicization of this issue as it only accentuates the fault lines and defeats the very purpose of affirmative action. However there has been a discourse from various quarters regarding implementing the creamy layer concept among SC/STs as well because caste and class no longer map over one another.
The answer communicates that you understand the basics behind constitutional values and hold the idea of tolerance.

Guiding the interview

This is a bit difficult thing to do in an interview. But the candidate holds the key to guide the interview instead of being simply answering the questions thrown at him. This is done by leaving some ‘key words’ or ‘word bites’ in the sentence deliberately which always appeals to the interviewer is receptive and which is taken up by them to salvo their next question. The interviewers are usually receptive to words like “technology and innovation”, “strategy”, “disruption” “inclusive solution”, “servant leadership”, “financial architecture”, “AI, data science”, “social crisis”, “global governance”, “economic response” etc. the common thing in these words are that they are a bit sophisticated and high sounding, not used in common parlance.

Being Original

Saying or holding ideas which are original to you establishes your identity different from other candidates. The interviewers become weary of hearing the same old hackneyed answers. You need to rephrase the same or be original with your answers in order to stand out and be noticed.
Eg. One of the most favorite and banal question being asked is- Why do you want to join this service. They will also add discouraging things like low salary, less scope of innovation, better private sector jobs etc. These are traps and do not fall into it by saying things like “job security, social status and power”. These are individual gains and perks you get when you enter the services. You don’t get into the services to avail the perks, these are hygiene factors. You want to get into the services to serve some noble purpose and your answer must reflect that.
The answer given by author was- These services are fundamentally different from other services in the sense that this is not about pursuit of profit, it is about selflessly serving the Nation and its people. But what personally appealed to me is that these services are so demanding that it brings out the best stored in a person. So if someone likes international relations, it gives you a first hand opportunity to handle the foreign policy of the country. If one has leadership quality, this service gives an opportunity to become a leader in his domain.

Take away from this answer-
You demonstrated that you are original and not a product of rote learning You articulated your reasons of joining in simple words.

Your thought process is mature.
You deliberately left a “sound bite” ie “Leader” which may guide your next question (which actually happened in this case).

Body language- eye contact/ sitting posture/ hand gesture
This is one of the most important and yet overlooked aspect in an interview. You communicate your confidence and positive attitude through your body language. So be natural in your swings of body. Keep your body posture straight or slightly leaning forward, opening up your chest and refrain from leaning back or closing your frontal part.
Regarding hand movement, maintain your natural gestures of hand. Though some suggests not moving your hand as this looks indecent, the contrary is true. Natural hand movements demonstrate that you are confident. Keep your palm open as it shows you have nothing to hide.
Keep your eye contact maintained with the Chairman when she is asking you questions. While answering other panel members, maintain eye contact with her as well as the Chairman. Again keep your eyeball movement natural and avoid looking up the ceiling or the floor or the curtain.
We will recommend watching YouTube videos of speeches of Sundar Pichai, Barack Obama, Elon Mask, Jack Maa and others to emulate how they give pauses between sentences, their gestures, smiles, eye/ hand movement etc. Watch them over and over again.

How to practice- before mirror/ friends relatives
As told earlier, as you watch the videos, you also need to stand before a mirror and practice saying sentences and short paragraphs. Start speaking before your friends and parents and tell them to evaluate you. Give mock interviews and go through your videos 2/3 times to see where you need to improve. During interview practice, feedback mechanism is the strongest tool for self correction.
Futuristic
Your answer must give a hint of futuristic solution wherever possible. Eg. In case of border management

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Announcements Interview Program

Transcend: Interview Guidance Program for UPSC CSE 2020 (enroll here) | Fill DAF 2 with us

Send your DAF 1 and draft DAF 2 to atul@civilsdaily.com to begin with. Our team will reach out to you for DAF 2 curation.

PROGRAM INCLUSION AND OTHER DETAILS BELOW.

Students, congratulations for clearing UPSC Mains hurdle. It is time to focus on UPSC interviews. UPSC has released DAF 2 and the last date to fill and submit it is 5th April 2021.

With this, we are excited to formally launch Transcend, our flagship Interview Guidance Program for UPSC CSE 2020.

These are some of the toppers from Civilsdaily IAS who were also a part of Transcend Interview Guidance Program 2019.

Program inclusion

  1. Mock interview and detailed analysis + feedback
  2. Most important issues coverage – current and structural
  3. DAF 2 curation
  4. Personalized mentorship
  5. DAF analysis and one-on-one sessions with mentors
  6. DAF based personalized questionnaire
  7. Transcend Habitat group membership

How to enroll?

Don’t forget to send your DAF 1 and draft DAF 2 to atul@civilsdaily.com

Our team will reach out to you. We will discuss how to best fill your DAF 2, what should be your next step and how to prepare for different aspects.

Highlights of Transcend: Focused offerings for 3 distinct groups of IAS Mains-qualified aspirants

  1. Freshers
  2. Work Ex
  3. Veterans 

Dedicated Habitat group, telephonic and the zoom/google meet sessions, SWOT analysis via personalized questionnaire & in-person mock interviews with the panel.

This year, we intend to raise the bar even higher by providing trailblazing professional, personalized mentorship. There are 3 broad categories into which the IAS Mains-qualified candidates are be divided:

#1. Freshers: Facing 1st UPSC interview without work-ex

These candidates have given dedicated and exclusive time to UPSC preparation, often right after their graduation. We also have candidates who decide for UPSC a little later in life. These candidates have a wide variety of backgrounds. Some have quit their jobs to prepare for CSE, some may have household and family responsibilities, etc.

The interview, in the case of these aspirants, will focus on academics, mental alertness, critical power of assimilation, leadership and teamwork, variety and depth of interest, etc.

Freshers have the advantage of ‘excitement’ and ‘happy-go-lucky’ attitude, but they also suffer from fear-of-the-unknown.

For them, Transcend will revolve around psychological strengthening and belief formation besides personality development and polishing of soft skills.

#2. Work-Experience: Facing 1st UPSC interview with work-ex

The second category is of working professionals. These candidates have the advantages of leadership, tactfulness, foresight, and maturity. Of all other categories of candidates, the responses of working professionals are expected to be brief, well crafted, balanced, logical and reflecting emotional intelligence. Leadership is another area these aspirants are tested for.

Transcend will focus intensely on each of these general traits. Stress will be on the trends highlighted by the latest research in these domains.

#3. Veterans: Have faced the UPSC interview board in the past

Candidates who have appeared in the UPSC interview, probably more than once; but have consistently scored low marks.

Such a person has the advantage of the experience of the official set-up. She is aware of the entire process, her DAF and does not have fear-of-the-unknown. She has possibly taken mock interviews in her previous attempts but success eludes her owing to some fundamental flaw, which if unidentified, will compromise her chances yet again.

For veterans, our Transcend mentors will analyze your DAF, previous mock interviews, transcript of real interview/s and will have detailed discussions to pinpoint the weakness. Then will follow the personalized recovery strategy.


We are the only institution in this space that brings such high levels of clarity and purpose to the interview program.

All in all, ‘Transcend’ from Civilsdaily is the finest tool you can choose to uncover the shimmering light of your personality and to realize the simmering desire of your heart.

Take that final leap. You are in good hands now.


What to expect in the coming weeks?

#1. Once you submit your DAF 2 and other details on the link & email, we request you to send a video snippet (shot over a mobile selfie and sent via Whatsapp to this number or at hello[at]civilsdaily.com) on the questions listed below. These are basic, time tested questions that do not need any preparation but helps us understand your default presentation styles:

  1. Why do you want to join the civil services?
  2. Why should you be selected over the other candidates?
  3. Which in-service officer has inspired you the most and why?
  4. One feedback that you received from a friend, peer or superior which fundamentally changed the way you operate in the world or look at the world?

We want you to be uninhibited, relaxed and natural when you make this video. All questions are compulsory (especially 2, 4 and 5).

#2. We will get back to you with the feedback on your DAF and this video exercise.

#3. Post that, your progress will be tracked in mock interviews and taken over the telephone, skype, and panel-driven mocks and you will be given access to interact with both our in-house mentors and industry experts to fine-tune your reasonings.

We will work on your innate tendencies and help you carve out the best version of yourself.

If the form gives you any trouble, mail us at atul@civilsdaily.com

Categories
Interview Program

Interview Transcript – Kunal Aggarwal

Residence – Sonipat, Haryana

Background – Computer Science, IIT Hyderabad, Worked at Goldman Sachs as Software developer, joined IRS IT recently

Hobbies – Cooking

Activities – Represented India in Japan Kiruna Bond project

Board – Bhosle sir, Afternoon, 1st to go

 

Chairperson – So, lets start with some warm up… about software sector.

C – Have you heard about moore’s law? How does it help? What can India do to promote chip manufacturing in the country?

C – Have your heard about n-coronavirus? How is it impacting India? What was India’s response? Is India ready to handle such epidemics? 

 

M1

M1 – What is the principal law against terrorism? Explain it?

M1 – Have you heard of NIA? What is it’s role in terrorism? Can it sou moto take up a case? Can Central govt assign a case even if State does not agree?

M1 – Are there rules governing social media? Some discussion on it…

 

M2

M2 – What do you understand by green shoots in the economy?

M2 – Have you heard of IPI? (production index) What does it say about the current state of economy?

M2 – Have you heard about the Vivad se Vishwas Bill? What is it about? It has certain provision for officers to persuade taxpayers. Explain.

 

M3

M3 – What is the difference between nation and country?

M3 – India is nation as well as a country. Explain?

M3 – In recent days, there has been a term, nation building. What do you understand by it?

M3 – As an individual, how You and I can contribute to nation building?

 

M4

M4 – When did you visit Japan? Where did you visit?

M4 – What is one most important thing you like in Japan?

M4 – Did you meet government officials as well?

M4 – Can you compare Tokyo airport to any of two Indian airports?

M4 – Compare the status of sex ratio condition of Sonipat within Haryana?

 

C – So, you talked about Japanese being hard working and committed. Why do you think that is? Have you heard of the term Baushito?

C – So, you like to cook. When did it start? It is said that food impacts our behaviour. How?

C – Traditionally, food is classified in category and it is said that it determines our temperament. Do you know about it?

C – Gandhi Ji had said something about western civilization. Do you know? Discussion on this topic with 1-2 followups.

 

M1 – Murthal is in Sonipat. What is it famous for? How is the food there? Is it good? The butter that they use, is it real?

 

C – Whatever you say, food in Murthal is good for all of us. (Everybody laughed!)

 

Categories
Interview Program

Interview Transcript – Nida Fatima

Afternoon; Bhosle sir

3rd to go,

Cm: b easy, bring your chair closer to the table so u can write if u need to.

 

Q1 Weightifting hobby(did u compete)

Q2 You read non fiction,why,what did u read,what was its central theme

Q3  Women are not treated equally, they are not understood..what is your view..

Q4 About greta thunberg…do u think if she was boy, she would have got equal attention.

 

M1

  1. U like travelling do u know any travelogue writer
  2. How can we improve  Indo pakistan relationship
  3. One 2 more ques cant remember

 

M2. (Lady)

  1. What is swatch bharat abhiyan
  2. You are from aligarh how will u rate it out of 10
  3. (I said 4), so she said even after sbm?
  4. U become administrator of aligarh what will u do

 

M3

  1. About indo srilanka:some say it is a conspiracy by sri Lankan govt to do what they are doing.
  2. What is ailing the criminal system in India
  3. How to reduce judicial pendency

 

M4

  1. Rule of law,example of it
  2. Why should any organization chose you
  3. Safe guards for administrative officer under indian constitution

 

CM: Why have you left law and chosen this field

A quote of Hellen Keller, “to not have a vision is worst than not having sight”  what do u think?

Another quote”you seek what you not know, but you don’t think about what you know”

How technology can reduce corruption?

Also, history is a narration of story so it is fiction or non-fiction?

Thank you.

 

 

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Interview Program

Interview Transcript – Apan Agrawal

Chairman – P.K.joshi

Date – 17 feb , Afternoon Hrs – 4.05 – 4.35

Optional – Geography , BE mechanical

Hobbies – Football

Extra curricular – Event for Acid attack victims , drought relief work – Paani foundation

 

Chairman – Why did you choose mechanical engineering and then why the turn towards civil services ?

 

C –  Do you think technical domain will help you in generalistic civil services ?

C – As a geography student tell me the difference between geography and geology ?

C – tell me about the evolution of himalayas and shiwaliks ?

 

M1

M1 – You are DM of the district. How will you address the case of mob lynching ?

M1- what are problems of vidarbha and marathwada ? Do you think separate vidarbha demad is the solution ?

M1- Swami vivekananda’s quote about football . Do you know it ?

M1- What is India’s rank currently in football ?

 

M2

M2- What is the meaning of your name ?

M 2 – You are from the technical background.  What do you think are the necessary changes in make in India programe and skill development ?

M2 – As geography student tell me about the significance of Tibet and POK for India ?

M2 – Why Is India lacking in football and not cricket ?Can you name Some states known for football ?

M2 – chappak movie ? What message it gave and why did it did not became successful ?

 

M3

M 3 – What are the reasons for economic slowdown in our country ?

M3 – how will you increase the investment in the economy ?

M3 – Do you think corporate tax cuts has really lead to infusion of money in the economy ?

M3- Why are foreign countries reluctant to invest in Manufacturing sector ?

 

M4

M4 – You come from Karad. Tell me about karad in 3-4 lines.

M4 – How will you stop the sale of acids ?

M4 – Do you know Beed district ?  What is it known for ?

Hint – lowest sex ratio . What do you think are the reasons ? How can the female foeticide be addressed ?

M4 – Sugarcane is a water guzzling crop ? Why is it being promoted still ? Why is govt not moving away from sugarcane ?

 

Categories
Interview Program

Interview Transcript – Kasturi Sule

Board: Bassi sir.

Optional sociology

Hobby – watching movies on military adventure and social issues.

Civil Engg.

Watching football and cricket.

Chairman

  1. So did you watch movie Tora Tora Tora , pearl hearbour.
  2. So tell me about Indo Pak and Indo china war.
  3. Subsequent questions.
  4. Perforated steel structures
  5. How will you tackle corruption in administration.

 

M1

North East security issues .

Prominent civil structures in india.

 

M2

Recently watched movie

Social movie

What is keto diet

Opinion on vocational education

 

M3

1.Do you think cricket has overshadowed other sport ?

2.How do you promote other sport as secretary

3.Why right wing has rise in Europe.

4.Why people are backing trump American first policy.

 

M4

1.Benefits of pre cast structures.

2.Disadvantages of pre cast structure.

3.What is pile foundation.

 

Categories
Interview Program

Interview Transcript – Koushik H R

Board: Air Marshal Ajit Bhonsle

Qualification: Telecommunication Engineer

Optional: PSIR

Work Experience: Software Engineer

Service:IRS(C&CE) presently under EOL

Profile: Trekking, Volunteering for an NGO towards ecological restoration

 

 

Chairman (CM): Asked to explain eco-feminism

CM: From the eco-feminism point of view how different would have been Industrial Revolution if it was led by women

CM: What is your understanding of patriarchy?

CM: Does patriarchy means women have to go for many sacrifices?

CM: In the budget the FM mentioned about Networked economy and global value chain explain about it.

CM: Difference between global supply chain and global value chain

 

 

M1: Asked about the gap in my profile after I quit the job before entering service

M1: More about my NGO activity

 

 

M2: Detailed discussion about Cultural Hegemony

M2: Discussion on Islamic Terrorism

 

 

M3: GST had promised to increase GDP and solve cascading has it achieved the purpose

M3: Reason for GST collection not reaching the target and reforms required

M3: My opinion on SC judgement about Internet as a Fundamental Right

M3: How to use technology in criminal cases

 

 

M4: Asked me to explain AGR issue

M4: What will be the future of telecom industry in the context of AGR issue

M4: Terror radicalization means and ways to solve it

 

 

CM: Unemployment is a bigger issue than terrorism. Asked about unemployment status in India. Reasons for unemployment.

CM: About the issue of RCEP

CM: If you are made the person in charge to convince the government to join RCEP what will be your arguments.

CM: President in his previous year Republic Day speech had mentioned about “sense, strategy and silence of the Constitution”. What is the meaning of these terms according to you.

CM: Fit the four basic words of the Constitution viz., Justice, liberty, equality and fraternity into the above mentioned model

CM: Constitution is fully silent about the term fraternity. What’s your opinion

 

I am not able to recollect few more questions

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Interview Program

Interview Transcript – Mohammed Ishrath

Optional: PSIR

Graduation: Civil Engg.

Board: Smitha Nagaraj ( 30-35 min)

 

Ch : Tell me about your village

Ch : what agitates the people in your village?

(Spoke about water stress and shortage of electricity)

 

Ch: Do you think authorities neglect rural areas? On what basis they take decisions in this issue ?

Ch: why solar is less preferred? Role of gram panchayat in it?

Ch: as an administrator what steps will you take?

 

M1

M1: How India can reach 5 trillion?

M1: From where money comes?

M1: How to improve tax collection?

 

M2

M2: when vtu (my university) was formed?

M2: how many colleges affiliated to it?

M2: as a civil engineer, do you know any special initiative in IIT rorkee? ( i am not from IIT Rorkee)

M2: changes in mess department when you were president? (Daf related) how quality maintained?

M2: why you chose civil engg?

M2: why so much illegal buildings mushrooming? How to tackle it?

(He kept on asking more )

 

M3

M3: why do u like thriller movies?

M3: how do you dilute an acid? Should acid be added to water or water to be added to acid?  ( random qs)

M3: difference between introduction of bill in loksabha and rajya sabha?

M3: if an architect comes with a plan for hospital in which operation theatre is in ground floor what will you do? Why?

 

M4

M4: if an table tennis player comes for advice to improve his game, what will you tell him?

M4: how movies affect society? Why should be regulated? Why more use of vulgarity and abusive language in movies? How to regulate?

M4: tell me about neighbour hood relations? Growing Chinese presence? India s response to it?

 

Ch : you told about stable policy (when i explained about 5 trillion economy) and expect the unexpected (thriller movies ) do you think govt is doing right thing by bringing more schemes and more tax provision changes? Do you think it affect businessmen?

Ch : even after two years gst is still not completely properly implemented? Don’t you think govt should take necessary steps before bringing changes?( i spoke about gst while explaining previous question)

 

Thank you ishrath your interview is over.

 

Overall cordial board..

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Interview Program

UPSC Interview – “Tips & Tricks” by Sh. V. P. Singh, IRPS (Transcend: Interview Guidance Program)

 

In this Special Session, V.P. Singh Sir shared his deep insight on the Do’s and Dont’s, Interview etiquette, and handling uncomfortable situations during UPSC interviews.

Aspirants also got a chance for one to one discussion, DAF analysis, and clarity on a number of issues related to UPSC interviews.


Get your Mock Interview scheduled by registering on the following link.

For a one on one discussion and guidance for UPSC interviews contact us at:

Office Address:- Office No. 1 LGF Apsara Arcade, Near Karol Bagh Metro Station, New Delhi

Phone No:- 8929987787

Email: hello@civilsdaily.com

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Interview Program

IAS Allied Services Work Profile | Get into Best Service through UPSC DAF

 

In this video, Sajal sir discusses job profiles of IAS & allied services that will help you choose these services better while filling DAF for UPSC Mains & Interview.


Need help with filling DAF? Fill this form and we will take it forward from here

Click here to fill Samanvaya form | We will call you.

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Interview Program

Interview Guidance Program: Transcend 2019-2020

 

This video highlights the details of this year’s Interview Guidance Program of Civilsdaily – Transcend 2019-20.


Transcend 2019-20 Telegram Group Link

Need help with filling DAF? Fill this form and we will take it forward from here

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Interview Program

How to Start IAS Interview Preparation

 

The interview is the final hurdle before one joins the elite ranks of civil services. But, aspirants are often confused about how and when to start the prep. This video will throw light on this aspect.


Need to check your IAS readiness? http://bit.ly/smnvaya | We will call you

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Announcements Interview Program

Civilsdaily Interview Program 2019-20 > Rise up and peak at the right moment

Folks,

The importance of the 3rd round of exam – The Personal Interview, cannot be underscored. If you perform exceptionally well, it will help you compensate for any shortage in your mains score. If you do not, it will undo the hard work that you put in to get a high score in mains and impact your final result.

It doesn’t come as a surprise that students who clear mains tend to take the interviews very lightly and don’t follow any rigorous strategy. Talk to anyone who has appeared for interviews twice and they will tell you how unpredictable they can be.

The approach followed by coaching institutes to mock interview programs is very unstructured. You present before a panel and are asked questions one after the other. If you fail to answer them, you are asked to prepare those topics. In the next round, you are asked a completely different set of questions independent of your first round of performance.

We want to follow a very different approach. It is not about merely answering ad-hoc questions but testing your capabilities across the following competencies.

General 

1. Economy

2. International Relations

3. Governance and social issues

4. Current Affairs

 

DAF Specific 

1. Past background

2. Hometown/state information

3. Hobbies

4. Your optional subject

Hence, we have put in place a robust program in place that will help you understand weaknesses that are difficult to figure out on its own. Here is how the program will work

1. Telegram Group for continuous engagement 

Civilsdaily Telegram Group has created a name for itself – Read here https://www.civilsdaily.com/5-reasons-to-join-the-exclusive-telegram-group/

You can connect with students from the same hometown/city & hobbies. This will help you collaborate and prepare these competencies better.

The telegram group will be moderated by our panelists who will answer your general queries and post relevant questions.

We will try to post stress-based questions regularly so you have practiced enough.

At the same time, we will be posting videos and notes which we believe can be of help in tackling the interview program.

2. Skye/hangouts based 1st round of Mock Interviews  

As most of you don’t shift to Delhi immediately after the mains results are announced, we will hold an interview session via skype, understand your basic profile and try to see where you lack.

Once you move to Delhi, you will face more rigorous rounds.

3. 2nd-3rd round of Mock Interviews will be held offline.

Facing the panel is an experience in itself. Go through our previous year’s mock interviews. They are much above the industry standard.

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZTYLkxalE7KU4uu9Bnm0rqCeFim9kNMO

 

Our Panel

We have a commitment from the following academicians, seasoned bureaucrats, and subject matter experts. They believe in our cause and are willing to put in their precious hours.

Virendra Pratap Singh, IRPS

Virendra Pratap Singh did is B.Tech from IIT Kharagpur in 2003. He joined the services with immense experience in the Private Sector working across domains in high profile companies like Tata Steel, Maruti Suzuki India Ltd, and Tata Motors. He has consistently scored very high marks in interviews. His 2009 score of 213/300 was among the toppers.

His insights have proved to be very helpful to aspirants appearing for exams year after year.

Dr. Makhan Saikia 

Dr. Saikia is an Author & Expert on International Affairs. He holds an MA & M. Phil (Pol. Sc.) from JNU and Ph.D (Globalization and Governance) from TISS, Mumbai.
He has taught at some of the finest universities.
Occasionally, he has written for various newspapers.
His articles can be found here.

 

Mr. Vipul Shrivastava, IPS

Mr. Vipul Shrivastava did his B.Tech from IIT Powai. He was one of the highest scorers during his time. He is presently also dedicating time to help aspirants with their essay preparation.

Dr. Vipin Garg, IAS  

Dr. Vipin Garg is a Founding Mentor at Civilsdaily. He did his MBBS from AIIMS and then moved to the services. He was the highest scorer in CSE Interview 2016 with 209 marks. His notes and insights have been of immense help to the students.

Mr. Rohit Pande, Consultant  Social Enterprises

Mr. Rohit Pande is a Founding Mentor at Civilsdaily. He did his B.Tech from IIT Guwahati. After a stint in various consulting roles across top firms, he is exploring problems in the social sector and has immense ground level knowledge about issues in waste management, education, health, and financial services. His insights can be extremely useful as discussion points in the interview.

Our faculty members who are well aware of recent trends and have immense experience with the interview rounds will also be working with you.

Here are the links to Mock Interviews –

Interview Enrichment Program – Mock interviews

To enroll,

1. Mail us your DAF with filename changed to yourname-rollnumber and subject as PDP yournamerollnumber. 

2. In the email, tell us what areas you feel require special attention/are most uncomfortable with.

Categories
Interview Program

Interview transcript – Anuj Sharma

Board : Smita Nagaraj

Background:  Electrical Engineering. Worked in a private firm for 2 years
Home State: Delhi

Chairman

– What did u learnt from your job? It is not same in the government sector why come here?
– Should we go for nuclear energy? Why protest in Kundankulam?
– Why low sex ratio and areas?

M1

– What did u learn from social documentaries? (DAF)
– Should India increase its navy budget to 30% on account of China’s presence in IOR?
– Should Delhi be made a state?

M2

– What do u think of IPS?
– Is police accessible only to the influential?
– Two reforms in police service? Should they be armed?

M3

– The problem in sports in India. Why only cricket and badminton are doing well? Indicated playing sports as a hobby in DAF
– The politicisation of federations is it right. BCCI issue?
– Your steps as sports secretary. Sports Policy of India?

M4

– How to increase exports to China? Problems in manufacturing sector?
– Steps on Delhi Pollution?

Chairman

– How caste affects daily interaction in people? How reservation policy and protests against it has changed it?

Categories
Interview Program

Interview transcript – Omendra Chauhan

Board : Dr. P K Joshi

Background: B.E. Mechanical Engg, BIT Mesra Ranchi
5 years in Automobile MNCs.

Chairman

– So Omendra…you did schooling from… worked in automobile sector….(long initiation) tell me what did you do in Hyundai?
– (contd) work profile in Toyota?
– in Maruti?
– How is Maruti different from Hyundai? (work culture and all)
– What was your roles and responsibilities in these companies… (Long discussion)
– Kanpur was known as Manchester of East…what happened to it? tell me what are the industries in Kanpur and why they are facing issues..and what kind of issues?
– What can be done to help them?
– What are the differences between Ranchi and Kanpur?

M1

– (something continued from CH related to Ranchi and Kanpur…industrial and economic growth..)
– What is demonetisation and what happened? Positives and negatives of it?
– What was income disclosure scheme (somewhat on the topic)..when did it happen? what happened?
– Did demonetisation work? failures? success?….(some counter questions…)
– Defense related industries in Kanpur? in UP? in India? (some counterqns on defense industry..)
– long intro to question related to water deficiency situation in India….why so? what geographic climatic factors responsible for same? wht can be done?
– (counter qn) What is river interlinking? any project? what would be its positives and negatives?

M2 (Member who always looked dissatisfied)

– (contd discussion on Ranchi) Why is Ranchi not developed, if it is not? What can be done? (counterqns on same)
– Do you know about Shobhan Sarkar? What did he dream…( some news in 2013!) What did govt do? What happened there?
– Mejakhas (in DAF)..where is it? why did you go there for schooling? What is its topography? what industries there? any new project coming there? (bad experience on this discussion…in between his reaction was you don’t know about your surroundings)

M3

– So you play table tennis…( I told frankly I played in school, not been playing since sometime…she smiled and said its ok) So how do you keep yourself fit? what do you play now?
– Who are famous TT players in India?
– What do you think is the future of Electric vehicles in India? ( Many counter qns on problems of charging, infra, industry in detail..handled pretty well)
– Which countries currently have EV market growing? anyone in our neighbourhood?

M4

– (contd discussion in the EV market, future of the Automobile industry and India’s position and efforts?)
– What kind of batteries are used in EV? Why India doesn’t have them? What issues involved in charging infra related?
– What kind of energy requirement we will have to meet such demands in EV market? and some counter qns…
– What kind of reforms do you suggest in industrial development? (Long discussion…about labour reforms, infra… handled this part satisfactorily I guess)

Chairman

OK, your interview is over.

Categories
Interview Program

Interview transcript – Mangesh

Board: Bassi Sir

Chairman

– Mangesh, You have done electronics engineering a having political science optional also currently working in Bank. ( And Looked at me)
– I said, “Yes Sir” ( I thought he is checking my confidence).
– Tell me about Venezuela crisis
– Tell me about the Yemen crisis
– Developments in Nepal. Why Nepal important for us?

M1

– The different frequency band in communication? Many subsequent technical questions
1G 2G 3G 4G difference.
– GSM vs CDMA? Why CDMA not popular over GSM. Anything to do with licencing?

M2

– Use of robotics in Army?
– Introduction of robotics vs job losses. Opinion
– Why Afghanistan unstable? What are sectarian divisions? Why not normalcy restored

M3

– Why demand for Marathwada statehood? Reasons.
– Difference between Marathwada movement and Vidarbha movement for statehood .
– Similarity between Marathwada and Telangana demand.
– What are disadvantages of adverse sex ratio ? To men and to women?
– Why development in Bangladesh important for India?
– Role of India diaspora.

M4

– What is exposure of SBI in recent PNB fraud?
– Tell me about PNB fraud ?
– Who should bear loss of it ?
– What was wrong on part of other banks ? Their mistakes
– Difference between LC and LoU.
– What is NPA ? Steps taken for its resolution ?
– What is insolvency and bankruptcy code ? Detailed discussion

Chairman

– Tell me about Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana? Details of it
– Talk on MSP . Talk more. Any committee on it
– Is this your photo? It’s a lovely photo Mangesh.

Thank you.

Categories
Interview Program

Interview transcript – Vijayendra R

Board: Ms Smita Nagaraj

Chairman

– It’s already two years in Service don’t you think going to IAS you will have career disadvantage ?
– Where you posted currently ? Don’t you think compared to department , private people have better competence in AAR ? (job related )
– What did you do in social welfare activities ?

M1

– How many genes avg human have ?
– Which is smallest and largest gene ?
– How do genes vary ? ( he was particular about SLP ) I knew a bit , it was more technical so did not venture into it .
– Who is No 1 tennis player now ? What’s so great about federer even now ? Why is tennis not that popular in India ? What challenges it face ? Do you think politics in apex tennis association is affecting its development ?

M2

– What is AFSPA? Do you thing it’s violation of human rights? Do you think it’s needed in j&k ?
– Police reforms? Do you think police has colonial mindset ? Why no reform taken?

– police reforms ? Do you think police is more of political service than public service ?

M3

– Why is today special ? ( It was national science day )
– What is your view on Karnataka flag issue ?

M4

– What is APA ? ( job related )
– Why do we have APA n AAR is it not overlapping ?
– What is your view on women’s cricket ? Who is the women cricketer who made a difference in semifinal in women’s world cricket ?

Chairman

– In Bangalore so many issues Gauri lankesh , Tipu sultan , and so on ? Why is it ,what is your view ? Then tipu sultan ? What you view ? Do we need to have critical thinking in school two to three views ? We just follow what is taught ?
– Do you think we need critical thinking in department as well ?

You interview is over.

Categories
Interview Program

Interview transcript – Promoth P

Board: Smita ma’am

Chairman

– What are the problems a civil servant faces while in office?
– What kinds of resource crunch? (Follow up )
– Give an example where officers have worked out these problems?
– Why do national law university students prefer working in corporate sector?
– Have national law universities failed in their mandate?
– Lawyers bill a lot so why not practice law?

M1

– Female models being used in auto expo. Views
– Should we bring in a law to ban such practices
– Define son of the soil doctrine
– Which indian state never had such a doctrine

M2

– Will the us japan help india if China attacks us today
– Should CJI accept posts after retirement
– Transparency and public office holders

M4

– Measures taken by government to curb black money in real estate
– Amendments to benami act
– Why was IT act not amended to achieve the same ends as benami act
– Is retrospective tax good
– What was the nature of the 1024 obsolete laws repealed, name any 3.

M5

– What is medical tourism
– Why is it called tourism
– What is surrogacy
– Should it be allowed
– What is the legal status of single parent family
– Legality of police encounters
– What will you do if you were sp and what will you do to reduce police encounters.

Categories
Interview Program

Interview transcript – Shubham Soni

Board – Manoj Soni

Background- Punjab, civil engineering, Anthropology
Hobbies- Squash, Bhangra, Rubik’s cube

Chairman

– Are you comfortable in talking about census? What is census? Who does it? – – When started? How is the exercise done?
– Have u read the latest census?
– What are the key takeaways?
– U r missing imp point about youth.
– Demographic dividend?
– Is situation of skilling up to mark?
– Make in India, Digital India. What will they do if we don’t have skills?
– 3 things that u have learnt from 2015 to 2018 during prep time?
– Were these things not there in u before?

M1

– Women are only proxies. Ur experience of reservation in PRIs? What needs to be done?
– Drug problem in Punjab. Reasons, 2 most important steps that I’ll take after becoming DM of your dist. Since u r from Punjab. Which all regions were partitioned?
– Only Bengal and Punjab? No other region in NE?
– Was Burma partitioned from British India?

M2

– Why so many graduates unemployable?
– What needs to be done?
– D/B civil in IITD, DTU and any other state university?

M3

– why different colours on squash ball?
– Name world class squash players of subcontinent.
– Govt spending so much on IITs thinking that they need engineers. Don’t u think u’ll waste resources of govt by coming in civil services?
– How will u use ur knowledge of engg. in indian postal services?
– U have learnt only analysis in IIT?
– So u think that it is right to come to civil services from IIT?
– Radcliffe line? Macmohan line? Is macmohan line accepted? On what principle was it drawn?
– Where all face-offs bw India and China?
– Should we stop trading with China?
– Any country where people voluntarily not buying products of another country?
– Not heard of Japan and US?
– Why Japan could rebuild it’s infrastructure after WW2?
– Why India is not doing even having huge resources? Compare with Japan? Use ur analytical bent of mind.
– Why Japanese so skilled?

M4

– Are new IITs and IIMs diluting the brand name of old IITs and IIMs?
– Why so less skilled personnel in India?
– What needs to be done?
– Should we impose some restrictions on freedom of speech and expression? 1-2 follow up questions
– Should we ban social media?
– But There is so much misuse of social media. Shouldn’t we ban social media?
– What can be done to reduce the misuse of social media?

Chairman

– If you are very senior bureaucrat and govt made a policy which u think is not good. That policy is against ur convictions and u think that policy is also against public interest and national interest.
– Will u implement that policy?
-Your interview is over. Thankyou

Categories
Interview Program

Interview transcript – Amit Punde

Board : Bassi Sir

Date of interview 27th February
Background: B-Tech Production
Hobbies: reading, trekking, travelling

Chairman

– so u r a production engg. What is mechatronix?
– Applications?
– As a shopfloor manager, what are your priorities?
– Who will benefit with the increased efficiency?

M1

– He talked some 2 points about efficiency and then questions abt trekking.
– Where do you trek recently?
– Some discussion on Youth Hostel trek at Manali.
– If anything happened where you could not complete the trek? I gave example of Alang fort.

M2

– Iran president visit to India and the message India gave through this in the light of various sanctions imposed by US?
– Why farmers suicide in Maharashtra?
– Dose present budget provisions would impact positively?
– Maharashtra Karnataka boundary issue?
– What can be done?

M3

– Role of Pune in 1857 war.?
– What about other maratha sardars?
– Rani of zansi and her relation to Pune.?
– Love hate relationship of Pune with Rajneesh (Osho) in 1970s?
– China’s policy in South Asia.?
– Is china aggressive towards India?
– Why China aggressive towards India.?
– What do you think whether China become superpower?
– Plus points of China and USA to become superpower?
– US relations with South America states?
– Impact of lower sex ratio?
– After Nirbhaya case, what change do u find in Indian Society?

M4

– Indo Japan relations.? What are Japan’s interests in India?
– In the present scenario what is the probability that India will win a war against Pakistan ? (He wanted answer in a mathematical probability range from 0 to 1)
– Where is Tista river?
– What is the issue?
– What are the immediate benefits and to whom?

Thank you.