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Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a member of a country. A person may have multiple citizenships and a person who does not have citizenship of any state is said to be stateless.
The provisions of citizenship are covered by Articles 5 to 11 and are embodied in Part II of the Constitution.
Fundamental Rights provided in Indian constitution are available to citizens of India only; some of the fundamental rights which are not enjoyed by a non-citizen of India are:
Only citizens of India have the right:
Again, citizens alone have the right to hold certain high offices such as those of the President, Vice-President, Governor of a State, Judge of Supreme Court and High Courts, Attorney General, etc. the right to vote to elect a member of the Lok Sabha and a Vidhan Sabha and the right to become a Member of the Parliament and a State Legislature are reserved for citizens only.
The legislation related to this matter is the Citizenship Act 1955, which has been amended by the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 1986, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 1992, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2003, and the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2005.
Termination of Indian Citizenship as per Citizenship Act 1955: One can lose citizenship of India in 3 ways – Renunciation, Termination and Deprivation
There are 3 situations under which a citizen of India may lose his Indian Nationality.
The government has decided to merge the two cards of PIO and OCI and go ahead in this direction.
The Union Cabinet has approved proposals for extending several benefits to ‘persecuted’ minorities from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh living in India on long-term visas. Many members of the Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities have come to India fearing persecution in their home countries.
Soon, the Citizenship Rules, 2009, will be amended to help such persons get citizenship.
SC: There is no need to be on your feet inside a cinema hall when the National Anthem is featured as a part of a film, documentary or a newsreel
Tracing the issue in recent past:
#1. October 2016:
#2. 30 November, 2016:
#3. December 2016:
#4. Now (February 2017):
This is an important bill concerning Citizenship Bill. Make a note for your Mains. This op-ed does not have much info but read the Newstrail by clicking the orange stripe.
Indian Constitution provides Citizenship by following ways:
The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971 is an Act of the Parliament of India which prohibits desecration of or insult to the country’s national symbols, including
Significant amendments were added in 2003 and 2005, which prohibited many previously common uses of the flag, such as draping it over a podium during a speech, using it as decoration, or incorporating it into clothing designs.
Any SC judgment is important from the mains perspective. Note the judgment down, it will be useful for questions on patriotism, nationalism etc.
Note: Keep a note of these two issues, leave the rest. This edit was written with a regional outlook (specifically that of Assam) and we have removed those parts. It’s better that we keep in mind the universal issues and challenges.
Discuss: What are the objectives of recently introduced Bill to amend certain provisions of the Citizenship Act, 1955? Point out the lacunae in the bill?