India, Israel to jointly develop missile for Army

  1. News: India has approved a deal to jointly develop a medium range surface-to-air missile (MR-SAM) system for the Army in a ₹17,000-crore deal
  2. Process: The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) gave the go-ahead for the deal to be executed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI)
  3. Approval comes ahead of the likely visit of Prime Minister Naendra Modi to Israel in June
  4. Details: This is the latest in a series of other variants of SAM systems for the Navy and the Air Force being jointly developed with Israeli help under deals estimated at billions of dollars
  5. The deal is for 200 missiles for five regiments, each getting 40 units
  6. The missile has a range of 50-70 km
  7. The system will be based on the older Barak system of Israel, which is in use in India
  8. Indigenous: The systems will be manufactured in India and would have an 80% indigenous content
  9. Other deals with Israel: The two countries are also in an advanced stage of negotiations for the purchase of two more long-range Phalcon Airborne Warning And Control System (AWACS)
  10. The CCS had approved the deal for additional AWACS last year that is expected to cost ₹7,500 crore
  11. Russian partnership: India now operates three Phalcon AWACS with
  12. Israeli radars mounted on Russian IL-76 transport aircraft, under a $1-billion tripartite deal with Russia, signed in 2003

Note4students:

Important for India-Israel relations. Know about the missile and CCS from prelims PoV.

Back2basics:

Cabinet Committee on Security:

  1. The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) of the Central Government of India decides on India’s defence expenditure, matters of National Security, and makes significant appointments
  2. CCS is chaired by the Prime Minister of India and comprises the Minister of Defence, the Minister of Finance, the Minister of Home Affairs, and the Minister of External Affairs

Other committees and chairperson:

  1. Appointments Committee of the Cabinet- the Prime Minister of India
  2. Cabinet Committee on Accommodation- the Home Minister of India
  3. Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs- the Prime Minister of India
  4. Cabinet Committee of Parliamentary Affairs- the Home Minister of India
  5. Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs- the Prime Minister of India
  6. Cabinet Committee on Security- the Prime Minister of India

Single-point military adviser soon?

  1. News: The government is keen on appointing a single-point military adviser within the year to promote synergy among the Services
  2. The government is also intent on creating theatre commands for greater interoperability within the Services, which is likely to be an “incremental step”
  3. There is general consensus that it is high time India had its single-point military adviser and greater coordination among the three services
  4. India had two adversaries who have managed to achieve this and it is not right for India to remain so
  5. There are still some differences between the Services on the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS)
  6. Other reforms: In addition to the CDS, the government is also looking at various other measures to bring in synergy between the Services
  7. This includes set up theatre commands to integrate air, land and sea assets under one operational entity to improve efficiency as well as optimise resource utilisation
  8. There is also the long pending issue of specialised commands for special operations, space and cyber domains

Note4students:

Keep track as the issue develops. The CDS issue is a long pending one and can be a question in mains.

Soldiers can now WhatsApp Army Chief

  1. Context: Several soldiers had publicly aired their grievances on social media
  2. News: The Chief of the Army Staff, General Bipin Rawat, has announced a WhatsApp number (9643 300008) through which soldiers can complain to him directly

Note4students: Note very important but need to keep abreast of few important happenings.

[op-ed snap] Taking ‘Cold Start’ out of the freezer?

Context:

  1. New Chief of Army Staff, General Bipin Rawat, aknowledged the existence of the army’s Cold Start strategy
  2. Many defence analysts presumed the army had abandoned this limited war concept altogether
  3. Either Gen. Rawat has simply referred to these “proactive strategy options” by their more common nomenclature, Cold Start, or,
  4. The Indian Army has been quietly reorganising its limited war concept along more aggressive, and offensive, lines with little fanfare

Pakistan-centric retaliatory option:

  1. The perceived failure to mobilise the army’s Strike Corps in a timely fashion after the December 2001 attacks on Parliament was the impetus for Cold Start
  2. Its official status has been the subject of extensive debate and controversy since it was first discussed in 2004

Cold Start has significantly shaped security dynamics on the subcontinent:

  1. After 2008 Mumbai attacks, the “threat” posed by Cold Start has been repeatedly cited by Pakistani authorities as proof of India’s hostile intentions and hegemonic designs
  2. This, in turn, has provided a justification for Pakistan to build up, and build out, its nuclear forces
  3. It is increasing the size of its nuclear arsenal,
  4. And developing lower-yield nuclear warheads and short range missiles, so-called tactical nuclear weapons, which are aimed at deterring a limited Indian military incursion

Can India pull it off?

  1. The army simply lacks the materiel and organisation to implement the more aggressive versions of Cold Start
  2. It is not at all clear, for example, that the Indian Army at present possesses sufficient superiority in numbers of troops and armoured vehicles in the vicinity of the International Border to be able to overcome the Pakistan Army’s defensive and geographic advantages in a short conflict
  3. Indeed, the large number of obsolete tanks and artillery pieces, not to mention critical shortages of ammunition and air-defence assets raises serious questions about the army’s ability to implement a Cold Start-style operation at all
  4. Furthermore, sustaining offensive operations in Pakistan requires joint operations with the air force
  5. Not only does the Indian Air Force lack the kind of close air support capability Cold Start would require, but army-air force cooperation is also beset by inter-service dysfunction

Effect of the term “Cold Start”:

  1. The term “Cold Start” has thus become one of the Indian Army’s biggest liabilities
  2. The perception that its most aggressive form exists is the gift that keeps on giving to the Pakistan Army, which uses it to justify a rapid expansion of its conventional and nuclear forces

Note4Students:

History is littered with tragic examples where discrepancies between perceived doctrine and actual doctrine have caused minor skirmishes to escalate into major wars. The continued loose talk of the so-called Cold Start doctrine puts South Asia in the unfortunate situation.

Be careful in citing such policies in security or international relations related questions. Be careful, but not averse!

Back2Basics:

What is Cold Start?

It is part of the army’s attempt to develop a useable, conventional retaliatory option that punishes Pakistan for terrorist attacks against India without triggering wider conventional or nuclear escalation. In its more aggressive formulations, it was believed the aim was to create division-sized formations that could rapidly mobilise and carry out short-notice, retaliatory offensives of limited duration to quickly seize and hold Pakistani territory, while simultaneously pursuing narrow enough objectives to deny Islamabad a justification to escalate the conflict by opening additional conventional fronts or to employ nuclear weapons.

Army enthused by new indigenous artillery gun

  1. What? The Army has given the thumbs-up to a heavy artillery gun, Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS)
  2. Developers: Defence Research and Development Organisation, in collaboration with the private sector
  3. This is significant step in indigenisation as the Army and the DRDO had considerable differences on projects in the past
  4. Background: ATAGS is a 155-mm, 52-calibre towed artillery gun being developed in mission mode for the Army’s artillery modernisation programme
  5. It was designed by the DRDO’s Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) in Pune
  6. Bharat Forge Ltd. of the Kalyani Group, Tata Power Strategic Engineering Division and Mahindra Defence Naval System from the private sector are involved in a big way, along with the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), in the project

Note4students:

Just remember these keywords- ATAGS, DRDO, INDIGENISATION, PRIVATE SECTOR.



:( We are working on most probable questions. Do check back this section.







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