- What: With infiltration across the Line of Control (LoC) on the rise, the Army is all set to accelerate work on installing a new smart fence to replace the existing border fence following successful trials
- The existing fence called the Anti-Infiltration Obstacle System (AIOS) is located about 700m from the LoC
- It is a double row fence consisting of concertina wire and was constructed between 2003 and 2005
- According to officials: The present fence has high rate of degradation due to snow and has to be repaired after every season which costs about ₹50-60 crore every year
- In addition, over time the infiltrators get used to the fence and have devised ways to cross it
- To overcome these, a proposal has been in the works for sometime to install a smart fence which will also enable round the clock real-time surveillance
- This gained momentum after the Pathankot and Uri terror attacks last year in which terrorists crossed the LoC and attacked military installations
- The fence has already been tested and installed along a 50km stretch on a trial basis
- The project would be implemented by the Army Corps of Engineers
- The smart fence stretching about 700 km will have enhanced surveillance features with sensors integrated and also has better survivability
- Infiltration across the LoC peaked last year in the aftermath of the surgical strikes by the Army on terror camps in September
- Attacks on military installations have also gone up dramatically over the last two years
- The border fence forms the first line of defence in the three tier counter-infiltration grid
- The new fence would be erected in place of the existing one and is expected to cost around ₹1000 crore
- Army sources said that they have received in-principle approval for the project and have been assured on the allotment of required funds
This news is helpful in understanding issues related to infiltration and how technology can help.
Jammu and Kashmir is a part of India, however some parts of it are illegaly occupied by Pak and China. Due to this various terms like LoC keep appearing in the news. Below is an explanation.
1. The term Line of Control (LoC) refers to the military control line between the Indian and Pakistani controlled parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir—a line which does not constitute a legally recognized international boundary, but is the de facto border.
2. Originally known as the Cease-fire Line, it was redesignated as the “Line of Control” following the Simla Agreement, which was signed on 3 July 1972.
3. The part of the former princely state that is under Indian control is known as the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Pakistani-controlled part is divided into Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan. The northernmost point of the Line of Control is known as NJ9842.
4. Another ceasefire line separates the Indian-controlled state of Jammu and Kashmir from the Chinese-controlled area known as Aksai Chin. Lying further to the east, it is known as the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
See here for a map to make it clear – Link.