Indian Missile Program Updates

Aug, 03, 2018

Ballistic Missile Interceptor AAD Successfully Flight Tested

Image result for Advanced Area Defence (AAD)

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: AAD

Mains level: India’s missile arsenal


News

AAD test successful

  1. DRDO has conducted the successful test of the Ballistic Missile Interceptor Advanced Area Defence (AAD) from Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha.
  2. The endo-atmospheric missile, capable of intercepting incoming targets at an altitude of 15 to 25 kms was launched against multiple simulated targets of 1500 km class ballistic missile.
  3. One target among simultaneously incoming multiple targets was selected on real-time, the weapon system radars tracked the target and the missile locked on to it and intercepted the target with a high degree of accuracy.
  4. The complete event including the engagement and interception was tracked by a number of electro-optical tracking systems, radars and telemetry stations.

Advanced Area Defence (AAD)

  1. AAD is an anti-ballistic missile designed to intercept incoming ballistic missiles in the endo-atmosphere at an altitude of 30 km (19 mi)
  2. AAD is a single-stage, solid-fuelled missile.
  3. Guidance is provided by an inertial navigation system.
Jul, 17, 2018

BrahMos tested in extreme weather conditions

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | indigenization of technology and developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: BrahMos missile

Mains level: Read the attached story


News

BrahMos passes extreme weather test

  1. The supersonic cruise missile BrahMos was successfully test-fired under extreme weather conditions, as part of the service life extension programme for the Army.
  2. The missile followed the designated trajectory and the key components functioned perfectly.
  3. BrahMos has again proved its all-weather capability, flying in sea state 7, with waves as high as nine meters. (Sea state is the degree of turbulence at sea, generally measured on a scale of 0 to 9 according to average wave height).

Back2Basics

BrahMos

  1. BrahMos is a joint collaboration between India and Russia and is capable of being launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air against the surface and sea-based targets
  2. It has a strike range of around 290 km and is described as the world’s fastest supersonic cruise missile.
  3. The range of the supersonic missile was initially capped at 290 km as per the obligations of the Missile Technology Control Regime
  4. Since India’s entry into the club, the range has been extended to 450 km and the plan is to hit 600km.
  5. The Army and the Navy have already inducted the missile, while the air-launched variant is undergoing trials.
Jun, 19, 2018

Battle ready: Dhanush artillery gun clears final trials

Battle ready: Dhanush artillery gun clears final trials

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Artillery gun Dhanush, Pokhran & Siachen (map based)

Mains level: Indian achievements in defense technology development


News

Dhanush ready for induction

  1. The indigenously upgraded artillery gun Dhanush has successfully completed final user trials and is ready for induction into the Army
  2. Dhanush is an upgraded version of the Swedish Bofors gun procured by India in the mid-1980s
  3. As of now, the gun has over 80% indigenous content

Tested in all terrains

  1. During the trials, the guns travelled extensively in towed/ self-propelled mode in desert and high-altitude terrains with each gun clocking over 1,000 km demonstrating their mobility
  2. The first phase of trials were conducted between July and September 2016 at the Pokhran and Babina ranges and the second phase was conducted between October and December 2016 at the Siachen base camp
Jun, 15, 2018

DRDO turns Pinaka rocket system into guided missile, developmental trials soon

drdo, guided missile, pinaka rocket system, defence research org, drdo latest news, indian express

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Pinaka rocket system, DRDO

Mains level: India’s strides in defense technology sector and need for further development


News

Pinaka upgradation

  1. The indigenous Pinaka rocket system of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is being evolved into a precision-guided missile, with enhanced range and accuracy to hit its targets
  2. It is known for firing a salvo of 12 rockets in just 44 seconds

About Pinaka

  1. The rocket has been developed by the Armament cluster of the DRDO, with a lead from Pune-based Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE)
  2. Along with ARDE, the High Energy Material Research Laboratory in Pune and two DRDO establishments in Hyderabad have contributed to the development
  3. The initial version of the Pinaka rocket was Mark I, with a range of 40 km
  4. It was further developed into Pinaka Mark II, which has an enhanced range of 70 to 80 km
  5. Pinaka Mark I had been used in the 1999 Kargil conflict

Back2Basics

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)

  1. DRDO is an agency of the government, charged with the military’s research and development
  2. It is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence, Government of India
  3. DRDO is a network of more than 50 laboratories which are deeply engaged in developing defense technologies covering various disciplines, like aeronautics, armaments, electronics, combat vehicles, engineering systems, instrumentation, missiles, advanced computing and simulation, special materials, naval systems, life sciences, training, information systems and agriculture
Jun, 06, 2018

India successfully test-fires nuclear-capable Agni-5

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the Agni-V missile, RINS, MINS

Mains level: Strategic Importance of ICBM development for India, Indigenization of defence technologies.


News

Agni V testing

  1. This is the sixth successful test of the missile and the second in its pre-induction configuration
  2. Launch Location: Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island [Wheeler Island]
  3. Agni-5 can carry the nuclear warhead weighing 1.5 tonnes to a distance of over 5,000 km and is the longest missile in India’s arsenal capable of reaching most parts of China

Indigenous Technologies Used

  1. The missile features many new indigenously-developed technologies, including the very high accuracy Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System (RINS), and the most modern and accurate Micro Navigation System (MINS) which improves the accuracy of the missile

Hitting the target with speed and precision

  1. The missile has been programmed in such a way that after reaching the peak of its trajectory, it will turn towards the earth and continue its journey towards the intended target with an increased speed due to the attraction of earth’s gravitational pull.
  2. The path has been precisely directed by the advanced onboard computer and inertial navigation system
  3. As the missile enters the earth’s atmosphere, the atmospheric air rubbing the skin of the missile during the re-entry phase raises the temperature beyond 4,000 degrees Celsius
  4. The indigenously designed and developed carbon-carbon composite heat shield continues to burn sacrificially, protecting the payload and maintaining the inside temperature below 50 degrees Celsius

Back2Basics

 Agni Series Missiles

  1. At present, India has in its armory the Agni series –
  • Agni-1 with 700 km range,
  • Agni-2 with 2,000 km range,
  • Agni-3 with 2,500 km range,
  • Agni-4 with more than 3,500 km range.
  • Agni-5 with more than 5500km.

The first test of Agni-5 was conducted on April 19, 2012, the second on September 15, 2013, the third on January 31, 2015, and fourth on December 26, 2016. The last test was held on January 18, 2018.

All the five earlier trials were successful.

The third, fourth and fifth launches were from canister integrated with a mobile launcher, in its deliverable configuration that enables the launch of the missile with a very short preparation time as compared to an open launch

Jun, 01, 2018

Upgraded Pinaka rocket successfully test-fired

Image source

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Pinaka rocket, Imarat (RCI), DRDO

Mains level: India’s missile development program and its success so far


News

Pinaka system gets an upgrade

  1. An upgraded version of Pinaka rocket, with enhanced range and guidance system, was successfully test-fired from Chandipur in Odisha
  2. The earlier Pinaka system, which was an unguided one, has now been transformed into a guided version, with a navigation, guidance and control kit developed by the Research Centre, Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad
  3. The RCI comes under the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)

About the development

  1. The guided Pinaka has been developed jointly by the Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE), Pune, the RCI, and the Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad, for the Indian Army
  2. The conversion helped in enhancing the range and accuracy of Pinaka
  3. Its range was 40 km earlier which has increased to more than 70 km now
May, 22, 2018

India successfully test-fires BrahMos missile along Odisha coast

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the BRAHMOS missile, Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)

Mains level: Strategic importance for India to expand its missile programme


News

New Indigenous Technology in BrahMos

  1. India successfully test-fired the Indo-Russian joint venture BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from a test range along the Odisha coast to validate some new features
  2. The missile was test-fired from a mobile launcher stationed at Launchpad 3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur
  3. The trial was conducted to validate its “life extension” technologies developed for the first time in India by DRDO and team BrahMos
  4. The world-class BrahMos is the first weapon system whose life has been extended from 10 years to 15 years
  5. The successful test will result in huge savings of replacement cost of missiles held in the inventory of the Indian Armed Forces

Old variants

  1. Induction of the first version of BrahMos missile system in Indian Navy began with INS Rajput in 2005
  2. The two-stage missile—first being solid and the second one, a ramjet liquid propellant—has already been introduced in the Army and Navy

Induction in IAF

  1. India successfully launched the world’s fastest supersonic cruise missile from a Sukhoi-30 MKI combat jet for the first time against a target in the Bay of Bengal in November 2017
  2. At least two Su-30 squadrons with 20 planes each are planned to be equipped with the air-launch variant BrahMos missile, 500kg lighter than land/naval variants

Expanding range after MTCR

  1. Increasing the missile’s range from 400km to further 800km is now possible after India’s induction into the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) in June 2016
  2. Prior to that, India was bound by restrictions that limited the range of the missile, which is an Indo-Russian joint venture product, to less than 300km
Mar, 23, 2018

Indigenous technology tested on BrahMos

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: BrahMos missile, MTCR, etc.

Mains level: The importance of indigenous ‘seeker.’


News

Test of the indigenous technology

  1. The BrahMos supersonic cruise missile was successfully test-fired with an indigenous seeker for the first time
  2. Why important: So far the seeker, a critical technology in missiles, came from Russia

Development of the ‘seeker’

  1. The seeker was jointly developed by the Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL), Hyderabad, and BrahMos Aerospace

Particulars of the ‘seeker’ technology

  1. Seeker technology, which determines the accuracy of a missile, is a closely guarded secret
  2. Mastering it is a significant milestone in missile technology and would reduce import dependence

Particulars of the Missile

  1. BrahMos is joint collaboration between India and Russia and is capable of being launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air against surface and sea-based targets
  2. The range of the supersonic missile was initially capped at 290 km as per the obligations of the Missile Technology Control Regime
  3. Since India’s entry into the club, the range has been extended to 450 km and the plan is to hit 600km
Jan, 19, 2018

Agni-V extends its reach

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the Agni-V missile

Mains level: Strategically important for India, especially, to counter China’s rising influence in the Indian Ocean and other parts.


News

Successful test of the Agni-5

  1. India has successfully tested Agni-V
  2. This test validates the long range surface-to-surface ballistic missile’s reliability
  3. This was the fifth test of the missile and the third consecutive one from a canister on a road mobile launcher
  4. All the five missions have been successful

Why is this missile strategically important?

  1. Agni-V is the most advanced missile in the Agni series with new technologies incorporated in it in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine
  2. Agni-V, with a range of over 5,000 km, is India’s longest range ballistic missile and can reach most parts of China
  3. This makes it the mainstay of India’s triad to deliver nuclear weapons

Short preparation time for using it against enemy

  1. The first two successful flights of Agni-V in 2012 and 2013 were in open configuration
  2. The third, fourth and fifth launch from a canister, integrated with a mobile sophisticated launcher, were in its deliverable configuration
  3. Deliverable configuration enables launch of the missile with a very short preparation time as compared to an open configuration
  4. It also has advantages of higher reliability, longer shelf life, less maintenance and enhanced mobility

Back2basics

Agni-V

  1. Agni-V is an intercontinental ballistic missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) of India
  2. Agni V is part of the Agni series of missiles, one of the missile systems under the original Integrated Guided Missile Development Program
  3. The DRDO chief V.K. Saraswat initially declined to disclose the exact range of Agni-V.
  4. Later, however, he described Agni V as a missile with a range of 5,500–5,800 km
  5. Du Wenlong, a researcher at China’s PLA Academy of Military Sciences, told the Global Times that the missile has a range of around 8,000 kilometres (5,000 mi)
Jan, 10, 2018

Army satisfied with Akash missile

Image source

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | indigenization of technology & developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Akash missile, Army Air Defence

Mains level: India’s missile development programmes


News

Fully satisfied with the performance of Akash

  1. The Army is fully satisfied with the performance of the indigenously developed Akash short-range surface-to-air missile (SR-SAM) system
  2. Army is looking for further performance enhancements in future

User trial completed

  1. Last month, the Army carried out the first user trial of the missile system
  2. The first user trial by AAD crew was fully successful
  3. Army Air Defence (AAD) celebrated its 25th year of raising on 9th January

Back2Basics

Akash short-range surface-to-air missile (SR-SAM) system

  1. Akash is a medium-range mobile surface-to-air missile defence system developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
  2. It is produced by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) for Missile Systems and Bharat Electronics (BEL) for other radars, control centres in India
  3. Akash flies at supersonic speed, reaching around Mach 2.5
  4. The missile system can target aircraft up to 30 km away, at altitudes up to 18,000 m
  5. It has the capability to “neutralise aerial targets like fighter jets, cruise missiles and air-to-surface missiles” as well as ballistic missiles
  6. It is in operational service with the Indian Army and the Indian Air Force
  7. The Akash system is fully mobile and capable of protecting a moving convoy of vehicles
  8. Akash has an indigenous content of 96%
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