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Author: Root

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February 2018
« Jan    

[Announcement] Fall 7 times. Stand up 8.

Not everyone has a flawless academic record and experiencing setbacks is okay. Sometimes we get so haunted by one failure, which usually happens to be trivial, that we get too terrified to even try again. But as this proverb suggests, even if you fail seven times, you stand up on the eighth.

Make sure that you attempt all the mocks that you have been allotted as a part of your Flagship Prelims TS. Don’t worry about your wrong attempt in the mocks. Don’t worry about scores or lack of there of. Don’t go so hard on yourself. Your actual marks are going to be +10, 15 from what you get here.

Learn from your mistakes here. Read up on the expert analysis given at the end of the exams. The solutions PDFs and the tikdams that you get out of each test will help you in good stead for the exam ahead on 3rd June, 2018.

Fresh Batch starts on 10th February:

Fresh batch of Flagship Prelims (32 tests with tikdams and explanations) + Samachar Manthan (CA Weekly classes) start on 10th February: Click here to join both at a 20% discount

  • The Flagship Test Series: 5500 + taxes: Join here
  • CA Weekly Program (Samachar Manthan): 7,000 + taxes: Join here | For detailed prospectus: click here
  • [Popular Combo] The Flagship Prelims Test series + CA weekly program combo comes for 9,997 + taxes: Join here

[Announcement] A crisis is a terrible thing to waste. Get into the mindset of an elite exam taker

We have always believed that every cloud has a silver lining, and so is with the surprise of reduction in (-200) intake quota for UPSC 2018. To paraphrase Paul Romer, the noted Stanford economist: “A crisis is a terrible thing to waste”.

What does a reduction in intake quota mean for an IAS aspirant?

  1. This year, UPSC has the lowest recruitment in the whole decade (782 vacancies i.e. 198 less than last year and 511 jobs less than the best year-2014.)
  2. This means less number of candidates will get chance to write Mains or appear in Interview
  3. This means less number of candidates will qualify through the prelims. Expect the number to go down to ~9,000

Understandably, this may crush the morale of the freshers who are bound to compete with senior aspirants, in-service officers who wish to improve their ranks. But here lies the catch:

Most people react hysterically when an unforeseen announcement comes through. Same stuff happened with the introduction of ethics paper and reduction of one optional paper. Hold your ground right now and don’t give in to the peer induced anxiety:

  1. Don’t get lost in your historical attempts: A fresh mindset has the best chance to increase his/her efforts and focus just on cracking the prelims exam right now rather than getting lost in his/ her historical optional, mains attempt analysis
  2. Get good at guessing questions right: Low IAS intake = Increased competition = Spiraling cut-offs = More guesswork = Higher chances of errors = Lower chances of selection through prelims
  3. To ensure that you use point #2 induced frenzy to your advantage, solve a lot of papers starting today. Get great at calculated guessing or what Dr. Vipin Garg here at CD calls as “The Art of Tikdams”
  4. Revise, repeat the Current Affairs on a weekly basis and attempt monthly tests to ensure you leave nothing from past 1-2 year window

Fresh Batch starts on 10th February:

Fresh batch of Flagship Prelims (32 tests with tikdams and explanations) + Samachar Manthan (CA Weekly classes) start on 10th February: Click here to join both at a 20% discount

  • The Flagship Test Series: 5500 + taxes: Join here
  • CA Weekly Program (Samachar Manthan): 7,000 + taxes: Join here | For detailed prospectus: click here
  • [Popular Combo] The Flagship Prelims Test series + CA weekly program combo comes for 9,997 + taxes: Join here

[video] Fiscal stimulus debate, GDP growth and other factors of economy

Download the associated notes from here- http://bit.ly/2DQmL20

To know more about Samachar Manthan Phase 2 & Join in, Read & Subscribe here: http://bit.ly/2EszsBk

This is a sample video from the Week 7 of Samachar Manthan (CD’s CA Weekly program) which started on 17th December. The Economic survey program will be based on same lines.

Core Faculty: Sajal Singh Target: IAS 2018 (Pre/ Mains) The program covers most important topics from Economic Survey/Budget and supplements the student with:

1. Detailed notes

2. 200 MCQs

3. Probable questions for Mains Purchase Links: Economic survey program: http://bit.ly/2rYXUYu

[Sample Video] Adultery Section 497 of the Indian Penal Code IPC | Samachar Manthan by CD

Download the associated notes from here- http://bit.ly/2FVyga2

List of topics covered in the PAID Program for Week 2 are:

  • Issue 1: Section 497 of the IPC
  • Issue 2: A massive Victory for left alliance in Nepal
  • Issue 3: India Becomes the member of Wassenar arrangement
  • Issue 4: US recognizes Jerusalem as Israel’s capitals
  • Issue 5: Govt, ASEAN in talks to take IMT highway up to Vietnam
  • Issue 6: No WTO deal without food security: India
  • Issue 7: Centre examining health effects of e-cigarettes: Nadda

To know more about Samachar Manthan & Join in, Read & Subscribe here: http://bit.ly/2BqBgwj

The program covers most important CA Topics (News + Opeds) in the news from 1st December onwards and supplements the student with: 1. Detailed notes 2. 10 questions a week + answer checking + Model answers 3. Samanvaya calls after every month

[Book Launch] Ethics, Integrity And Aptitude: A Book by Mitra Sir

Click to buy this book from Amazon

Ever since GS IV ethics paper has been introduced in IAS, Mitra Sir has taken lead and mentored more than 10000 candidates all over India.

Consequently, we have have more than 100 results to our credit including all India rank 2, 11, 33, etc in previous years.

Now Mitra Sir has come out with book compiled in two volumes which is the closest to the specific demands of IAS examination. Apart from syllabus topics, books also covers peripheral topics so that students could get a comprehensive view. Introduction Ethics is all about choice. To make choice one need not to have any specialized training or degree.

All the time we all, irrespective of our educational background (with or without), make choices. But, yes, if we practice ethical reasoning or get acquainted with some moral theories, definitely we will be in better position to make sensible choices. Today global concern is not merely ethics. Rather it is the inculcation of values because just by knowing what is good or bad does not make us to do right things.

Ethics can ensure outer desired behaviour. It can impose certain rules, regulations, laws or code of conduct superficially only. All these would be followed under given compulsion. But they might be broken the moment these compulsions are no more. Real transformation in the system and society can come only if values are imbibed. That is, if sound values are inculcated within, the action becomes voluntary, spontaneous and self motivated.

Naturally, such actions will be effective, humane and wholesome in nature.

[Sample Video] FRDI Bill: Samachar Manthan | Week 1: 1st – 7th Dec

Download the associated notes from here: http://bit.ly/2mEAIZB

This is free giveaway video from the W1 of Samachar Manthan (CD’s CA Weekly program) which started on 17th December.

List of topics covered in the PAID Program for Week 1 are:
Issue 1: FRDI bill
Issue 2: Rajasthan ordinance that sought to shield public servants from probe lapses
Issue 3: Committee formed to review the IT act of 1961
Issue 4: Maldives seal FTA with China
Issue 5: Boost for exports as Government announces more incentives
Issue 6: UAE and Saudi form new group separate from GCC
Issue 7: India is biggest importer of U.S. oil refinery by-product ‘petcoke’
Issue8 : Government to enable skilled persons bag jobs abroad
Issue 9: [pib] Star Rating Protocol for Garbage Free Cities Introduced
Issue 10: [pib] SAUBHAGYA Scheme launched in Manipur
Issue11: Instant triple talaq: Draft Law
Issue 12 : Way to remove poll commissioners vague
Issue 13: Cabinet nod to nutrition mission
Issue 14: All you need to know about the Transgender Persons Bill, 2016

To know more about Samachar Manthan & Join in, Read & Subscribe here: http://bit.ly/2BqBgwj

Core Faculty: Sajal Singh
Target: IAS 2018 (Pre/ Mains)

The program covers most important CA Topics (News + Opeds) in the news from 1st December onwards and supplements the student with:

1. Detailed notes
2. 10 questions a week + answer checking + Model answers
3. Samanvaya calls after every month

To know more about Samachar Manthan, Read & Subscribe here: http://bit.ly/2BqBgwj

Purchase Links:
Flagship Prelims + CA Weekly: http://bit.ly/2kwHH6u (Combo at 10% Disc.)
CA Weekly: http://bit.ly/2p1vQlW
Flagship Prelims Only: http://bit.ly/2kV8E3o
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[Prelims 2017] Launching Flagship Batch 2

  1. We are launching the 2nd and final batch of Flagship Course
  2. This is your LAST chance to join the Flagship course from start
  3. TS starts from 14th december
  4. You will get 3 monthly digests (Target Mains, Newscards & op-eds, Prelims Daily) for FREE
  5. Only change is – Time table (fast paced to get you upto speed with advanced students)
  6. To know the syllabus, timetable and join the TS – Click here and register
  7. Have any questions? Mail us at hello@civilsdaily.com

[pib] Know more about Clean Energy Cess – Carbon Tax of India

  1. Clean Energy Cess (now renamed as Clean Environment Cess) is levied on coal, lignite and peat
  2. Clean Environment Cess also acts as green tax, on the lines of polluter pays principle
  3. In many countries carbon taxes are levied also on other fossil fuels like petroleum, natural gas etc. However, in India this is applied only on coal and its variants – lignite and peat.


  1. The fund raised through the cess is being used for the National Clean Energy Fund for funding research and innovative projects in clean energy technologies or renewable energy sources

Types of Coal in India:

  1. The value of coal depends on the concentration of carbon in its composition.
  2. The varieties of Coal that are generally found in India are Anthracite, Bituminous, Lignite, and Peat.
  3. Anthracite Coal ranks highest amongst the coals.
  4. Bituminous Coal is commercial coal. It is used as steam coal, household coal, coking coal, gas coal, etc. It is to be washed in a washery in order to reduce the sulphur and ash contents.
  5. Lignite is also inferior in calorific value.
  6. Peat has got no fuel value practically. It has the least combustible matter. It is the first stage in the development of coal.


Make note of point 3 for Prelims on Carbon Tax.

[pib] Initiatives taken by the India through the NTCA to protect and conserve tiger and other wildlife

This one is going to be a long but important newscard.

Legal steps:

  1. Amendment of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 in 2006 to provide enabling provisions for constituting the National Tiger Conservation Authority
  2. Enhancement of punishment for offence in relation to the core area of a tiger reserve

Administrative steps:

  1. Constitution of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) + constituting State level Steering Committees under the Chairmanship of Chief Ministers and establishment of Tiger Conservation Foundation.
  2. In-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger Conservation Authority for creation of new tiger reserves (quite a few of them actually)
  3. Constitution of a multi-disciplinary Tiger and Other Endangered Species Crime Control Bureau (Wildlife Crime Control Bureau)
  4. A scientific methodology for estimating tiger (including co-predators, prey animals and assessment of habitat status) has been evolved and mainstreamed

Financial steps:

  1. Financial and technical help is provided to the State Governments under various Centrally Sponsored Schemes, such as “Project Tiger” and “Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats”

International Cooperation:

  1. India has a bilateral understanding with Nepal on controlling trans-boundary illegal trade in wildlife and conservation, apart from a protocol on tiger conservation with China.
  2. A protocol has been signed in September, 2011 with Bangladesh for conservation of the Royal Bengal Tiger of the Sunderban.
  3. A sub-group on tiger and leopard conservation has been constituted for cooperation with the Russian Federation.
  4. India is the founder member of the Global Tiger Forum of Tiger Range Countries for addressing international issues related to tiger conservation.
  5. The 3rd Asia Ministerial Conference (3 AMC) was organized in New Delhi from 12-14 April 2016. India went with the statement- “conservation of tigers is not a choice, it is an imperative”
  6. Tiger Range Countries resolved to ensure the conservation of tigers in the wild and their habitats by 2022


  1. Creation of Special Tiger Protection Force (STPF): The Special Tiger Protection Force (STPF) has been made operational in the States of Karnataka, Maharashtra and Odisha
  2. In collaboration with TRAFFIC-INDIA, an online tiger crime data base has been launched
  3. Launching ‘Monitoring system for Tigers’ Intensive Protection and Ecological Status (M-STrIPES)’ for effective field patrolling and monitoring.
  4. Tiger re-introduction programs: The successful reintroduction of wild tigers in Sariska is a unique exercise and is the first of its kind in the world.



Take a deep breath and go through this card again. There is so much more to the theme of tiger conservation in India than what we gave here (we kept the most important stuff). Make a note of Tiger reserves and its various realms. The intl. cooperation part is important for Mains.


[pib] Rivers Under National River Conservation Programme. What’s that?

  1. The Water Resources Information System (WRIS) database developed by Central Water Commission along with Indian Space Research Organisation includes 15,615 numbers of identified rivers/streams in the country.
  2. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in association with the State Pollution Control Boards is monitoring the water quality of rivers
  3. Bio-chemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) level in rivers is a key indicator of organic pollution.
  4. Programs for river conservation are being implemented under National River Conservation Plan (NRCP) and NGRBA (National Ganga River Basin Authority)
  5. The PIB article mentions that there is no proposal of this Ministry to bring all rivers under the ambit of NRCP. That means only selected few rivers of India would be entertained


What is BOD?

  1. Biochemical oxygen demand is a measure of the quantity of oxygen used by microorganisms (e.g., aerobic bacteria) in the oxidation of organic matter.
  2. Initial DO – Final DO = BOD | DO = Dissolved Oxygen
  3. Natural sources of organic matter include plant decay and leaf fall.
  4. The bacteria then begins the process of breaking down this waste.
  5. When this happens, much of the available dissolved oxygen is consumed by aerobic bacteria, robbing other aquatic organisms of the oxygen they need to live.

Brief history of river conservation in India

  1. 1985: The river conservation programme in the country was initiated with the launching of the Ganga Action Plan (GAP)
  2. 1995: The Ganga Action Plan was expanded to cover other rivers under National River Conservation Plan (NRCP)
  3. NRCP, excluding the GAP-I, GAP-II and National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) programme presently covers polluted stretches of 40 rivers in 121 towns spread over 19 States
  4. 2014: The work relating to Ganga and its tributaries had been allotted to Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD&GR).
  5. NRCP is under Ministry of Enviro

Various Sources of Pollution in Rivers, Lakes and Wetlands

  1. 75% from Domestic sources and 25% from Industrial effluents.
  2. Point sources: These are organized sources of pollution where the pollution load can be measured, e.g. surface drains carrying municipal sewage or industrial effluents
  3. Non-point sources: These are non-measurable sources of pollution such as run-off from agricultural fields carrying chemicals and fertilizers, run-off from solid waste dumps


Prelims worthy. Make notes of the stakeholders involved in these progs. Note the diff between 2 kinds of sources. Now that you know about BOD, what’s COD?

[pib] Scorpene Submarine Data Leak. What is a scorpene class submarine?

  1. It was reported in an Australian newspaper “The Australian” that certain data relating to the Scorpene class Submarines was leaked.
  2. A Committee was constituted by the Ministry of Defence to enquire into the reported leak of documents and it has submitted a report on it.
  3. But what is this scorpene class? How many class of submarine are there?


What is a Scorpene?

  1. Scorpene is a conventional powered submarine weighing 1,500 tonnes and can go up to depths of 300m. It is built by DCNS of France.
  2. In October 2005, India had signed a USD 3.75 bn deal for six of submarines to be built by Mazgaon Dock Limited (MDL) in Mumbai with transfer of technology.
  3. After repeated delays over four years, the first submarine has been commissioned in the navy
  4. INS Kalvari is Indian Navy’s first Scorpene submarine under Project 75

India’s history with submarines

  1. India joined the exclusive group of submarine constructing nations on February 7, 1992, with the commissioning of the first Indian built submarine INS Shalki.
  2. Mazagon Dock then went on to commission another submarine, INS Shankul, on May 28, 1994.
  3. In 1999, the Indian Navy drew a Submarine Acquisition Plan, a 30 year roadmap that had envisaged 12 submarines by 2012 and the number was expected to double by 2029.
  4. But of course, the project took a huge hit due to delays!

Current state of submarine force in India

  1. The current state of the Navy’s underwater fleet is, for lack of a better word, worrisome.
  2. India currently has 9 Sindhughosh class (Soviet Kilo class) and 4 Shishumar-class (German HDW Type 209) diesel electric subs and 2 nuclear powered submarine INS Chakra (Akula II class) sub & INS Arihant
  3. Note that INS Chakra is on lease from Russia and INS Arihant is indigenously developed
  4. For a country with a coastline that measures more than 7,500 km, a fleet of 15 submarines is just not enough!
  5. In comparison, China has a total of 67 submarines in its Navy.

What’s so special about INS Kalavari?

  1. INS Kalvari is Indian Navy’s first Scorpene submarine under Project 75
  2. It has superior stealth, and can reportedly attack the enemy using precision-guided weapons
  3. INS Kalvari and the rest of its scorpene class are said to be made from special steel and have the ability to withstand high-yield stress and high hydrostatic force
  4. The Scorpene Submarine is designed to operate in all theatres including the Tropics.
  5. All means and communications are provided to ensure interoperability with other components of a Naval Task Force.
  6. It can undertake Anti-Surface warfare, Anti-Submarine warfare, Intelligence gathering, Mine Laying, Area Surveillance etc.


This is a very comprehensive newscard and we hope it establishes your understanding in Indian submarine inventory and technical aspects of the scorpene class. You should be now Prelims Shock Proof!

[pib] Indian Council for Fertilizer and Nutrient Research set up

  1. ICFNR: An Institution exclusively devoted to promotion of research in fertilizer sector under the Department of fertilizers

What are the important terms of reference?

  1. To undertake and promote research in bio fertilizer and its derivatives with suitable coating or blending so as to protect and increase the soil fertility.
  2. To play a supportive role for identifying and formulation long range technology plans
  3. To promote dissemination of information on latest developments in fertilizer sector
  4. The centre will work in close collaboration with research institutions centres/ institutes


Prelims worthy news. Keep an eye if it ends up developing some innovative material or technology.

[pib] 2 new drugs from AYUSH

  1. The Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS) has developed an anti-diabetic drug AYUSH-82.
  2. License has been granted to eight firms through National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) for commercialization.
  3. CCRAS has developed a coded formulation AYUSH-QOL-2C to minimize side effects of Chemo and radiotherapy
  4. The Central Council for Research in Homoeopathy (CCRH) has undertaken study to assess usefulness of Homoeopathic medicine in cancer patients having side effects from Chemotherapy.


Note this gradual rise in experimentation of alternate forms of medicine and the activity in department of AYUSH. Is there any particular scheme or policy for active promotion of AYUSH? Do you remember the National AYUSH Mission?


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