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Mains Paper 2: IR | India and its neighborhood- relations
From UPSC perspective, following things are important:
Prelims level: Basics of Weapons used in the attack
Mains level: What cross-border terrorism is, how to counter it, organisations behind it.
Is IS gaining influence in India?
Why didn’t IS gain influence in India?
Worry for India:
Bigotry cannot be checked with bigotry. It is important that the Muslims should be confident of their existence in India. It is time they are accepted as Indians and not as intruders. A sense of belongingness, along with proper employment would lessen the chances of IS influence on Indian Muslims.
Important for mains.
Q. The terms ‘Hot Pursuit’ and ‘Surgical Strikes’ are often used in connection with armed action against terrorist attacks. Discuss the strategic impact of such actions. [GS-3, Mains 2016]
Q. “Terrorism is emerging as a competitive industry over the last few decades.” Analyse the statement. [GS-3, Mains 2016]
Keep track of the issue as it develops. It might be asked in mains as to ‘should we declare Pak etc as terror states.’
We may question the relevance of this detail for exam, but see the following question.
Q. ‘Terrorism is emerging as a competitive industry over the last few decades.” Analyse the above statement. [Mains-2016]
What report says is already recognised by all. This has been put on paper in some report officially now.
Important for prelims and mains both, needless to mention.
Importance of the move:
For International Relations answers & essays, we must be aware of what our stand is, on various diplomatic issues, as some given above. Know what is Raisina Dialouge &its theme for prelims.
About Raisina Dialogue:
1. Following attack on the US embassies in Nairobe and Darussalam by Al Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden in 1999, the UNSC passed a resolutions known as “Resolution 1267” or “1267 Regime” under Article 41 of the UN. It established a sanctions regime to cover individuals and entities associated with Al-Qaida, Osama bin Laden and/or the Taliban wherever located. The 1267 Resolution reads as follows: “The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations.”
2. The UNSCR 1267 (1999) and its successor resolutions require countries to immediately freeze funds, financial assets or economic resources of individuals and entities who are designated by the UNSC based on such person’s / entity’s connections with terrorism and terrorist financing. Further, countries should ensure that no funds, financial assets or economic resources are made available to or for the benefit of such designated persons or entities or their beneficiaries.
3. Under the SCR 1267, there is no scope for judicial review of the Security Council decision. No full reasons for designating individuals or organisations as terrorists need be given to the individuals or the entities concerned.
Discuss: Remember that we did a similar strike on the Myanmar border a few months ago? Always try to relate events together and recall similar instances.
The plan aims to create an environment of solidarity and trust among the minority, and envisages different departments undertaking various schemes to reach out to the minority.
The President of India inaugurated the Counter-Terrorism Conference- 2016 at Jaipur.
Minister cited “India’s model of unity in diversity” as an example for the world to counter indoctrination and radicalisation.
Pakistan must act strongly against all terrorists for the sake of its own younger generation.
New Delhi needs to initiate a national audit of police and intelligence preparedness, based on global best-practices.
After Pathankot, Pakistan has taken the right first steps. India has nothing to gain from not talking.
Countries have the right to self defence under international law and India can not legate the problem of terrorism to that of political management alone.
U.S. called for swift action; China issued two statements condemning the terror strike.
Security council unanimously backs resolution to target group’s income and block its use of global financial system.
A new Saudi-led Islamic alliance to fight terrorism will share information and train, equip and provide forces if necessary for the fight against Islamic State militants.
The people who will hold power tomorrow, will be those who can make you think what they want you to think.