800 Prelims Questions with Video Explainers + Tikdams
FLT for Prelims 2017 is LIVE. See the video to feel the difference in approach of CD’s TS
FLT for Prelims 2017 is LIVE. See the video to feel the difference in approach of CD’s TS
Mains Paper 2: IR | Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests.
The Belt and Road Initiative of China is a highly talked about international issue. The crux of this op-ed is an opinion that India should not shut the door on diplomacy over China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
Right or wrong?
What exactly is OBOR?
Touted as Chinese President Xi Jinping’s ambitious project, the One Belt One Road initiative focuses on improving connectivity and cooperation among Asian countries, Africa, China and Europe. The emphasis is on enhancing land as well as maritime routes. The policy is significant for China since it aims to boost domestic growth in the country. Experts have noted that OBOR is also a part of China’s strategy for economic diplomacy. Considering China’s exclusion from G7, OBOR policy might just provide China an opportunity to continue its economic development.
If you wish to understand this issue in detail, we would recommend that you read this explainer from Indian Express – Why India is not part of the Belt and Road Initiative summit
Mains Paper 2 : Issues regarding India and its neighbourhood
China’s Belt and Road Initiative reflects global trends and a new paradigm which India can support and shape. From UPSC’s perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims Level: Understand the difference between MDR-TB and XDR-TB
Mains level: Importance of joining hands with China and the advantages of this for India. Importance of synergistic relations between China and other Asian countries for re-adjustment & the balance of powers.
Now, this is not an entirely new angle to brood on. We have seen such op-eds come time and again and we will see more of them. For senior students, just brush over it – you are expected to know the basic concepts. Make note of how we are linking Aadhar’s fundamentals to SE Asian nations (We discussed this in an op-ed a few days back)
For newbies, understand the key terms – India’s Act east policy, One belt – one road initiative etc.
China’s friendly hand towards India:
With the long term in mind:
Economy as strength:
How does it effect India?
China’s interest areas:
Not nuclear powers:
India’s strategic location:
China’s presence in Indian Ocean:
Geographical advantage of India:
Way ahead for India:
The Chinese dragon will not be in a position to breathe fire on India in the Indian Ocean anytime soon.
An important development, since the China’s lack of capacity in this area has given India an edge till now. However, China will be better able to project force in the Indian Ocean region now.
China’s grand strategy:
What Chinese say:
What China thinks about us?
How prepared would our political leadership and the armed forces be to react against a PLAN amphibious assault, on the Andamans, supported by one or more aircraft carriers? This is a daunting question. Read the op-ed carefully for Mains.
A dramatic escalation on the part of China. But it is in line with its attempts to claim territory all around it – whether in the South China Sea or elsewhere. It is an attempt to pressure India into towing its line on issues such as Dalai Lama and others. Make a note of the “standardised names”.
South Asian politics:
The Pakistan pivot:
It’s time New Delhi focussed on the big picture and avoided puritanical positions while addressing the emerging fault lines on the global geopolitical landscape. This is an important op-ed for Mains to understand China-Russia-Pak axis and its practical viability.
Choice of words:
The Tawang factor:
How does Chinese mind works?
The OBOR outlier:
Read the op-ed for China-Taiwan-India relations, specially the visit of Dalai Lama.
Important issue in Indo-China relations for Mains. Note the key issues- sovereignty, One-China Policy, border dispute. These themes should form major part of answer.
One-China Policy and Principle:
Common negative grounds:
Plans for reducing pollution levels:
The problems being faced:
Better opportunities if they join hands:
Facts related to Chinese capabilities are not important. Note the phenomenon of increasing military capabilities.
A long drawn controversy:
The expectations ahead:
What New Delhi should do?
The road ahead:
The op-ed throws light on India –China bilateral relations and is important for Mains.
Issue: The China-India border dispute
Dalai Lama visit
Tawang inalienable from Tibet
Divergences on Afghanistan:
Pakistan- the bone of contention:
Situation in 2014:
The road to stability in Kabul lies through Rawalpindi, and China has few incentives to challenge the Pakistani security establishment’s traditional adversarial mindset vis-à-vis India that continues to look at Afghanistan for some chimerical ‘strategic depth’.
Exploring new horizons:
China’s Belt and Road Initiative:
The need to reduce differences:
Read this op-ed to know about the changing balance of powers of the world. The topic India-China ties is important for Mains.
No more peers:
China and Pakistan:
Delhi’s two-fold approach:
Issues that will persist:
The op-ed is important for Mains exam. Keep track of this news as it develops.
Who will be hurt:
America’s main jobs supplier:
Steps US might take:
For the past five years, China has sought to establish a growth model that is less reliant on exports and more reliant on domestic consumption. But China often needs a crisis or an external shock to drive reform. Perhaps Trump is that shock. While his policies will be bad for China in the short term, they may also provide the impetus China needs to stop subsidizing exports and perpetuating distortions in the domestic economy. If this happens, China may actually emerge from the era of Trump better off than before.
The op-ed is important for an understanding of the US-China economic situation and the expected Trade war in the current global situation.
Visit to Arunachal Pradesh:
New Delhi’s role:
Drawbacks of this move:
The op-ed is important for Mains. Keep track of this issue and its development.
Stressed bilateral ties owing to:
Absence of trust:
Chinese Ambassador’s suggestions:
Reasons for these statements:
Devil in the detail:
Disregard of sovereignty issues:
Terrorism- A common cause of concern:
China’s approach on NSG, Masood Azhar, the activities in PoK, to name a few, have cast long shadows on the relationship. Is it time to take Indo-China relationship in a positive direction? Read b2b for Prelims.
Keep abreast with India’s diplomatic stance on various issue of international relations. Raisina Dialogue was covered yesterday- refer this link.
The world is increasingly divided on the consensus on terror that once helped India apply pressure on Pakistan, is now dividing along these fault lines. If India is to stick to its course of securing its citizens and borders, the answer may lie in bridging ties with all nations involved.
While India has done well to shore up relations with others in the South Asian region, it cannot afford to be blindsided by their involvement with the OBOR project and Chinese plans. CPEC is no longer a project in Pakistan, but one that runs through it, a project that will link 64 countries.
A number of incidents have heightened tensions in the region over the past few weeks. These range from the Dalai Lama’s visit to Mongolia and the subsequent trade and travel restrictions imposed by China on Mongolia (a land locked country), to Mr Trumps call with the Taiwanese leader. China also recently confiscated and then released an underwater drone belonging to the US. In turn, India has expressed support for Mongolia, also Mr Trump seems set to adopt a tougher stance towards China
This news item can be important from a culture perspective – terms such as Gyalwang Karmapa, Tibetan Buddhism. The other importance is from point of view of China’s claims on Arunachal Pradesh – the news shows how the govt has recently become more aggressive in countering Chinese claims.
Tibetan Buddhism combines the essential teachings of Mahayana Buddhism with Tantric and Shamanic, and material from an ancient Tibetan religion called Bon. Although Tibetan Buddhism is often thought to be identical with Vajrayana Buddhism, they are not identical – Vajrayana is taught in Tibetan Buddhism together with the other vehicles.
Buddhism became a major presence in Tibet towards the end of the 8th century CE. It was brought from India at the invitation of the Tibetan king, Trisong Detsen. At present Tibetan Buddhism is a religion in exile, forced from its homeland when Tibet was conquered by the Chinese.
India is all set to overhaul its security cooperation agreement with China and further liberalise visa norms for the neighbouring country.
India and China have decided to establish a ministerial mechanism for the first time, linking the 2 home ministries
The Vice-President of China will sign agreements marking cooperation on better river water management and cultural exchanges.
Is this a tactical shift in foreign policy by China to integrate South Asian nations and further its one belt initiative?
Can we expect China and even Russia to start playing a greater direct role from now on in India-Pakistan affairs?
China has blocked India’s attempts to ask questions about the release of Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi at the United Nations.
Lakhvi, who is one of the masterminds of the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, was released from custody in Pakistan.
The Problem with UN: