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Major reforms recommended by the Group of Secretaries are:
Possible points of a Mains answer. ULBs and governance is an important topic for mains. Mains 2016 saw at least 4 questions overall on this topic.
Migrant flow into cities has exceeded all expectations:
Issues that arise:
Conventional approaches fail in Indian conditions:
Attitudes need to be changed:
The struggle between India as competitive economy and India as equitable society is most visibly felt in the development of its towns. The reduction of economic ideals to stock market highs and the city to commercial symbols is a convenient method to bypass the more pressing demands of real economics and humane expectations of the city.
This is an important piece of analysis on urban governance for mains. In mains-2016, there were at least 4 questions on urban governance on similar lines.
A new study on select Indian census towns:
New Economic activities:
Important policy implications:
CPR’s new study finds that in most emerging towns some citizens, usually the business class and the local elite, want urban status while others prefer rural governance. If India’s urbanization is to be managed effectively and the economic potential exploited, policymakers must find effective ways to address the various aspects of this rural-urban binary.
This could add up to your essays or answers on urban governance.
Effects in various countries:
What needs to be done:
Methods of implementation:
This is a mature idea and needs to be trialed in Indian cities. Measures to unclog cities are often posed, wrongly, as detrimental to the economy and efficiency. While cars will continue to remain relevant for longer-distance travel, dense urban areas need relief from excessive motorisation. This could be one of the innovative solution for problems in urban transport and environmental issues in Mains.
Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu met a business delegation from the U.K. that advocated setting up hospitals in Indian smart cities
Make intelligent use of information technology to deliver better civic services.
Ministry to soon introduce credit rating to attract investors.
A biodiversity database for urban India will be prepared for better species diversity management, dovetailed to the smart city initiative.
Chennai could have fared better, had it protected and preserved its natural water bodies and drainage channels.
Govt. has asked the States and Urban Local Bodies(ULBs) to provide for PNG supply and CNG stations in the cities selected for development as Smart Cities.
Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Gujarat and Odisha take lead in constructing storm water drains
This is for the first time that the ministry approved State level plans, unlike the past practice of appraising and approving individual projects.
All city-level plans will be aggregated into State Annual Action Plans and sent to the Ministry for approval.
Cities are struggling with huge infrastructure deficits: congestion, lack of affordable housing, poor sewage facilities, inadequate water supply.