August 2019
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[pib] What are the mandates of Indian Council for Fertilizer and Nutrient Research?

  1. ICFNR has been set up under the administrative control of Department of Fertilizers (DoF), Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers (MoCF)
  2. Mandates: Promotion of research in area of fertilizer manufacturing technology,
  3. Use of raw material and innovation in fertilizer products,
  4. Eco-friendly micro nutrients and pesticide coated slow release fertilizers, bio & organic fertilisers
  5. Stats: Indian fertilizer requirement is largely dependent on imports – around 25% in case of Urea, around 50% in case of Natural gas (feedstock), more than 50% in case of phosphatic and around 100% for potassic fertilizers
  6. India is also dependent on foreign players for sourcing of technology / licensing and technological up-gradation!
  7. Hence, the importance of ICFNR’s mandates

[pib] 1st International Agrobiodiversity Congress held in Delhi

  1. Delhi Declaration on Agrobiodiversity Management was a grand success
  2. The UN is urged to consider declaring soon a ‘Year of Agrobiodiversity’ to draw worldwide attention and to catalyze urgent action
  3. Suggested developing and implementing an agrobiodiversity index to help monitor conservation and use of agrobiodiversity
  4. The SDGs relating to poverty alleviation, food and nutritional security, good health, gender equity and partnership will further enhance achieving agro biodiversity goals

[pib] What is Photo-Voltaic (PV) Integrated Micro Solar Dome (MSD)?

  1. Micro Solar Dome (MSD) is a clear and green energy initiative of the Department of   Science and Technology
  2. It has a transparent semi-spherical upper dome made of acrylic material which captures the sunlight
  3. The light passes through a sun-tube having a thin layer of highly reflective coating on the inner wall of the passage
  4. It is leak proof and works throughout the day and 4 hours continuously after sunset
  5. Potential users: 10 million off-grid households in urban and rural spaces and several folds more that do not have reliable access to electricity
  6. Attempts are being made to integrate Surya Jyoti for subsidy in rural and urban housing schemes, MP LAD Schemes and CSR activities of public sector enterprises

[pib] What is Logistic Efficiency Enhancement Programme (LEEP)?

  1. Under Bharatmala Pariyojana, LEEP is aimed to enhance the freight transportation in India
  2. What’s being done? Critical examination of existing logistic infrastructure and destination of freight movement in the country
  3. As a first step towards this task, preparation of Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) is being undertaken by NHAI
  4. It has been decided to use latest technologies such as LiDAR, Satellite mapping and Ground Penetration Radar (GPR) in preparation of DPRs.
  5. What’s LiDAR? Stands for Light Detection and Ranging, is a remote sensing method that uses light in the form of a pulsed laser to measure ranges (variable distances) to the Earth

[pib] Social Security Coverage Scheme for Workers in Unorganised Sector

  1. The Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008 stipulates formulation of suitable welfare schemes for unorganised workers
  2. Ambit of such schemes: Life and disability cover, Health and maternity benefits, Old age protection & any other benefits etc.
  3. 3 Schemes by Min. of Textile: Handloom Weavers’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme, Handicraft Artisans’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme, Pension to Master Craft Persons
  4. 2 Schemes by Min. of Rural Dev: Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme, National Family Benefit Scheme
  5. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare: Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana
  6. Department of Financial Services: Aam Admi Bima Yojana
  7. What are the schemes by Central govt. for the unorganised sector? Atal Pension Yojna, Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) & Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
  8. Save this card for a revision in detail on all these schemes!

[pib] What is National Career Service(NCS)?

  1. NCS: A National ICT based portal is developed primarily to connect the opportunities with the aspirations of youth
  2. This portal facilitates registration of job seekers, job providers, skill providers, career counsellors, etc.
  3. The services under NCS are accessible from multiple delivery channels like NCS Portal, Employment Exchanges (Career Centres), Common Service Centre etc
  4. Aim: To interlink all employment exchanges with the NCS Portal so that services can be delivered online

[pib] TREAD to promote women entrepreneurs. How?

  1. Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) is operating a scheme titled “Trade Related Entrepreneurship Assistance and Development (TREAD)”
  2. Exclusively to promote women entrepreneurs
  3. Under the scheme, there is a provision for Government of India grant up to 30% of the loan/ credit maximum up to Rs. 30.00 lakh as appraised by lending institutions/ banks

[pib] Modernization of Khadi Units via SFURTI. How?

  1. SFURTI is a Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries
  2. Ministry of MSME has launched this scheme in the year 2005 with the view to promote Cluster development.
  3. KVIC is the nodal Agency for promotion of Cluster development for Khadi as well as for V.I. products.
  4. The Revamped SFURTI Cluster will intensify the sustainability of the programme beyond the project period through creation of Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV)

[pib] What is Mission Raftar?

  1. Mission Raftar has been announced in the Railway Budget 2016-17
  2. The mission envisages the target of doubling of average speed of freight trains and increasing the average speed of all passenger trains by 25 kmph. Time Frame: 5 years
  3. It is  apart of the 7 mission mode activities under Avataran
  4. Mission 25 Tonne: It aims to increase revenue by augmenting carrying capacity
  5. Mission Zero Accident: Elimination of unmanned level crossings & TCAS (Train Collision Avoidance System)
  6. Mission PACE: Procurement and Consumption Efficiency
  7. Mission Hundred: This mission will commission at least a hundred sidings in the next 2 years
  8. Mission beyond book-keeping: It will establish an accounting system where outcomes can be tracked to inputs
  9. Mission Capacity Utilisation

[pib] Who funds the Road Over Bridges (ROBs) and Road Under Bridges (RUBs) in Railways?

  1. Funds for Road Safety Works (ROBs/RUBs/Subways/Level Crossings) come from Central Road Funds (CRF)
  2. CRF is maintained as a % of cess collected on Diesel and Petrol by Ministry of Finance
  3. The revenue collected is initially credited to the Consolidated Fund of India
  4. The CRF is thereafter distributed amongst 3 Ministries i.e. Ministry of Rural Development, Ministry of Railways and Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
  5. CFR is also used for maintaining National Highways, State roads & rural roads

[pib] Setting up of Industry Driven SRTMI. What’s that?

  1. Ministry of Steel is facilitating an Industry driven institutional mechanism namely Steel Research & Technology Mission of India
  2. Aim: facilitate joint collaborative research projects in the iron & steel sector in India
  3. Initial corpus for setting up of SRTMI is Rs. 200 crore of which 50% is to be provided by Ministry of Steel and the balance by the participating steel companies.
  4. SRTMI is an industry driven initiative which has been setup as a Registered Society and Ministry of Steel is a facilitator.
  5. Concern: The R&D investment of the leading steel companies in India in terms of percentage of their turnover ranges from 0.05 to 0.5% vis-à-vis upto 1% in leading steel companies internationally

[pib] What is Credit Enhancement Guarantee Scheme for SC?

  1. Aim: To promote entrepreneurship amongst the Scheduled Castes, by providing Credit Enhancement Guarantee to Banks and Financial Institutions (FIs)
  2. This is a scheme of Min of Social Justice & Empowerment
  3. Under the Scheme, Companies, Partnerships, Societies & Proprietorship firms belonging to Scheduled Castes are eligible for loans.
  4. IFCI Ltd is the Nodal Agency under the Scheme, to issue the guarantee to the Banks & FIs.
  5. What’s IFCI? It is an Indian government owned development bank to cater to the long-term finance needs of the industrial sector
  6. It was the first Development Financial Institution established by the Indian government after independence

[pib] Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd. is ISO 27001 certified. What’s that?

  1. ISO 27001 is a specification for an information security management system (ISMS)
  2. ISO 27001 was developed to “provide a model for establishing, implementing, operating, monitoring, reviewing, maintaining and improving an information security management system.”
  3. Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd. (PGCIL) and Power System Operation Corporation Ltd. (POSOCO) have been certified on the ISO-27001
  4. This has been done so to safeguard national power grids from Cyber Attacks
  5. Trivia: ISO 14001 has been shown to have a positive impact on environmental performance
  6. ISO 9001 has been shown to improve sales, customer satisfaction, corporate image and market share

[pib] Know more about the Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS)-UDAN

  1. 2 Aims: To promote regional air connectivity in the country including North Eastern region and creating additional infrastructure by revival of unserved and underserved airports/airstrips
  2. This scheme also includes Defence airports
  3. How are we making air connectivity more affordable?
  4. By providing concessions by Central & State Gov. and airport operators to reduce the cost of airline operations on regional routes
  5. A Regional Connectivity Fund (RCF) has been created for Financial support (Viability Gap Funding or VGF) to meet the gap
  6. The Central Government has decided to impose a levy on the scheduled flights being operated within India to fund the RCF

[pib] What is PM National Relief Fund?

  1. PM announced monetary support to the affected people in the recent rail accident in Uttar Pradesh from PMNRF. What’s this fund?
  2. The Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF) was established in 1948, with public contributions to assist displaced persons from Pakistan
  3. The resources of the PMNRF are now utilized primarily to render immediate relief to families of those killed in natural calamities and to the victims of the major accidents and riots
  4. The fund consists entirely of public contributions and does not get any budgetary support
  5. The corpus of the fund is invested with PSU banks in various forms
  6. Disbursements are made with the approval of the Prime Minister
  7. PMNRF has not been constituted by the Parliament. It is recognised as a Trust under the IT Act

[pib] Bogibeel, India’s longest rail-cum-road bridge in Northeast!

  1. Said to be India’s longest rail-cum-road bridge, the Bogibeel double-deck bridge is all set to be fully operational by March 2018
  2. The bridge is being built over the Brahmaputra in the Dibrugarh district of Assam, connecting the North and the South banks of the river
  3. This is a 100% welded bridge and we are using technology from firms of Sweden and Denmark
  4. The bridge, which is being built entirely by the Indian Railways (both rail and road parts), has been under construction for several years now

[pib] Note these points about Bio-medical Waste Management Rules

  1. These rules are under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and have been upgraded in 2016 again
  2. CPCB has prepared the following guidelines relating to management of Bio-Medical Waste:
  3. Common Bio-Medical Waste Treatment Facilities (CBWTFs)
  4. Design & Construction of Bio-Medical Waste incinerators
  5. Disposal of Bio-Medical Waste generated during Universal Immunization Programme
  6. Guidelines for Environmentally Sound Management of Mercury Waste generated from the Health Care Facilities
  7. As you can see, health sector has a good share of generation of this type of waste

[pib] What is India doing to reduce infant mortality rate as per our SDG goals?

  1. United Nations has recently set Sustainable Development Goals and Targets. The target for India is to attain U5MR of 25/1000 live births by 2030
  2. What is India doing under its National Health Mission (NHM) to achieve them?
  3. Promotion of Institutional deliveries through cash incentive under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK)
  4. Comprehensive and quality Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) Services
  5. NOTE: India Newborn Action Plan (IANP) was launched in 2014 to make concerted efforts towards attainment of the goals of “Single Digit Neonatal Mortality Rate” and “Single Digit Stillbirth Rate”, by 2030
  6. Early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding for first six months and appropriate Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices are being promoted
  7. Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) is being supported to provide vaccination to children + Mission Indradhanush has been launched to fully immunize children who are either unvaccinated or partially vaccinated
  8. Name-based tracking of mothers and children till two years of age (Mother and Child Tracking System) is done
  9. Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) for health screening, early detection of birth defects, diseases, deficiencies, development delays
  10. Iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation for the prevention of anaemia among the vulnerable age groups