January 2020
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[pib] What has RBI done on Cyber attack on ATM system of banks?PIB

  1. Independent investigation by a forensic auditor approved under Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI-DSS) framework is under process.
  2. RBI has set up a Cyber Security and IT Examination (CSITE) Cell within its Department of Banking Supervision in 2015.
  3. Department of Banking Supervision also conducts cyber security preparedness testing among banks on the basis of hypothetical scenarios with the help of CERT-In.
  4. Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) is the Government organisation under Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
  5. It is a nodal agency that deals with cyber security threats like hacking and phishing.

[pib] Comprehensive approach for Border Area Development ProgrammeGovt. SchemesPIB

  1. The modified BADP guidelines given by MHA were put into motion in 2015. Let’s revisit them again
  2. Coverage of BADP has been extended to cover all the villages which are located within the 0-10 Km of the International Border
  3. The list of schemes permissible under BADP has been expanded to include schemes/ activities relating to Swatchhta Aabhiyan; Skill Development programmes etc.
  4. Provision for Third Party Inspection and Quality Control Mechanism under MHA for random inspections of the BADP schemes
  5. State Governments shall have the monitoring of the BADP schemes by the existing District Level Monitoring
  6. The funds under BADP are provided to the States as a 100% non-lapsable Special Central Assistance.
  7. BADP has been implemented through 17 States which constitute the International Land Borders

[pib] How has Nirbhaya fund been used?Govt. SchemesPIB

  1. In 2013, a Nirbhaya Fund was set up by the then UPA government as a corpus in the Public Account in the Department of Economic Affairs
  2. Each fiscal year since then Rs. 1000 crore have been allocated to the fund every year
  3. The Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) is now the nodal authority for appraisal of schemes to be financed from the fund
  4. Ina recent Q&A of Lok Sabha, we got to know that Rs. 190.68 crores have been given to the States/UTs, for compensation to the women victims as per CVCF guidelines
  5. CVCF: Central Victim Compensation Fund Scheme
  6. Other schemes which have been formed (for funds utilisation) are:
  7. Creation of Investigative Units for Crime against Women (IUCAW) in all police districts
  8. Universalisation of Women Helpline
  9. One Stop Centre: To support all women including girls below 18 years of age affected by violence, irrespective of caste, class, religion, region, sexual orientation or marital status.

[pib] Know more about Wadia Institute of Himalayan GeologyPIB

  1. A study was conducted on the glacier basins by WIHG and the outcome has been – the glaciers in the basin are retreating
  2. With PIB news like these, you get to know about important institutes in India
  3. Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology is an autonomous research institute for the study of Geology of the Himalaya under the Department of Science and Technology
  4. It was established in 1968

[pib] CCEA gives in-principle nod for strategic disinvestment of PSUs. Know morePIB

  1. CCEA = Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs. What are the functions of CCEA?
  2. Review economic trends on a continuous basis
  3. CCEA also directs and coordinates all policies and activities in the economic field including foreign investment
  4. CCEA facilitates finalisation of factual reports on the accomplishments of the Ministries, Agencies and Public Sector Undertakings
  5. Matters regarding fixation of prices of agricultural products as well as reviewing progress of activities related to rural development

[pib] How are Armed Forces Tribunal different from other tribunals?PIB

  1. Functioning of the Armed Forces Tribunal is distinct as it exclusively handles the matters of the Armed Forces of the Country arising out of specific Acts governing them
  2. Armed Forces Tribunal has protection of Articles 227(4) and 136(2) of the Constitution
  3. Article 227: Every High Court shall have superintendence over all courts and tribunals throughout the territories interrelation to which it exercises jurisdiction
  4. But the clause 4 says, Nothing in this article shall be deemed to confer on a High Court powers of superintendence over any court or tribunal constituted by or under any law relating to the Armed Forces
  5. Article 136 is regarding special leave and that also discounts Armed Force Tribunals
Tourism Sector

[pib] Quick pointers on Swadesh Darshan and PRASAD SchemesGovt. SchemesPIB

  1. Ministry of Tourism’s schemes
  2. Swadesh Darshan: Integrated Development of Theme Based Tourist Circuits
  3. Investment in tourism infrastructure for development of Buddhist Circuit in India under its Swadesh Darshan Scheme
  4. PRASAD: National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive.
  5. Under PRASAD 12 cities have been identified for development initially, namely: Amritsar, Ajmer, Dwaraka, Mathura, Varanasi, Gaya, Puri, Amaravati, Kanchipuram, Vellankanni, Kedarnath and Guwahati.

[pib] Guided Missile Destroyer INS Chennai Joins the Indian NavyPIB

  1. INS Chennai, a P 15A Guided Missile Destroyer, was commissioned into the Indian Navy
  2. The event marks the formal induction into the Navy of the third and the last of the three ‘Kolkata’ class destroyers
  3. The ship has enhanced stealth features resulting in a reduced Radar Cross Section (RCS)
  4. The ship is equipped to fight under Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) warfare conditions.
  5. The Kolkata-class guided missile destroyers are the new stealth destroyers being built by Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) for the Indian Navy, under Project 15A.
  6. The class comprises 3 ships – Kolkata, Kochi and Chennai

[pib] Did you know that 4 Indian universities are deemed under Min. Of Culture?PIB

  1. There are no institutions under the administrative control of Ministry of Culture named as Cultural Universities
  2. But, there are 4 teaching institutions declared as deemed to be Universities under Ministry of Culture
  3. These Universities are fully funded by the Ministry of Culture
  4. Nava Nalanda Mahavihara (NNM),  Nalanda
  5. Central Institute of Buddhist Studies (CIBS), Leh, Ladakh, J&K
  6. Central University of  Tibetan Studies (CUTS), Sarnath, Varanasi, U.P
  7. National Museum Institute, New Delhi
  8. Mostly, the universities are known to be deemed only by UGC!
Policy Wise: India’s Power Sector

[pib] 4 Objectives of New Energy Policy & its difference from the old oneGovt. SchemesPIB

  1. The 4 key objectives of the NEP are: Access at affordable prices,
  2. Improved energy security and independence,
  3. Greater sustainability and
  4. Economic growth
  5. Previous Policy = Integrated Energy Policy (IEP). What’s the difference?
  6. NEP includes the issues related to sharp decline of crude oil prices, change in solar energy technology, heightened concern of climate change issues, ambitious target of Renewable energy and rural electrification agenda
  7. The policy is being discussed by NITI Aayog with different stake holders

[pib] India becomes Associate Member of CERNPIB

  1. CERN = European Organization for Nuclear Research
  2. CERN is the world’s largest nuclear and particle physics laboratory, where scientists and engineers are probing the fundamental structure of the Universe
  3. CERN is based in Geneva on the French-Swiss border
  4. CERN has 22 member states, 4 associate member states, and the observer status is given to 4 states and 3 International Organizations.
  5. India has become an associate member
  6. Initiative #1: India is one of the leading partners in the ALICE experiment, which is on a quest to unearth the physics of quark-gluon plasma (QGP) and to get a glimpse of how matter behaved within a few microseconds after the birth of our Universe
  7. Initiative #2: India has made significant contributions to the construction of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)
Innovations in Sciences, IT, Computers, Robotics and Nanotechnology

[pib] CSIR’s Initiatives for enabling the Indian Leather IndustryGovt. SchemesPIB

  1. What’s new? Waterless chrome tanning technology is a first of its kind technology to reduce chromium pollution load
  2. Chromium is the most sought after tanning agent
  3. CSIR – CLRI’s “Waterless tanning technology” is a game changer and it reduces the use of water in tanning.
  4. CSIR-CLRI is a recognised Centre for testing of restricted substances, finished leather certification
  5. Central Leather Research Institute: Technologies for bio-processing of leather, zero waste water discharge, value added materials from leather and indigenous chemicals for processing, are some of the highlighting features of this institute
Oil and Gas Sector – HELP, Open Acreage Policy, etc.

[pib] India’s flagship biennial international oil and gas conference: PETROTECHGovt. SchemesPIB

  1. Petrotech is Asia’s largest oil and gas event. The theme for this event is “Hydrocarbons to fuel the future – Choices and Challenges”
  2. Petrotech will also include a BRICS Roundtable of Energy Ministers and a Roundtable discussion involving select CELAC countries of Latin America
  3. India will also host the International Energy Forum – International Gas Union (IEF-IGU) Ministerial Forum on December 6
  4. What’s CELAC? The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States is a regional bloc of Latin American and Caribbean states thought out on February 23, 2010

[pib] What is e-Kuber, CBS & INFINET?PIB

  1. e-Kuber is the Core Banking Solution (CBS) of Reserve Bank of India
  2. E-Kuber provides the provision of a single current account for each bank across the country
  3. Auction of Government securities is also done through e-kuber system
  4. Core Banking Solutions (CBS): A solution that enables banks to offer a multitude of customer-centric services on a 24×7 basis from a single location
  5. Using CBS, customers can access their accounts from any branch, anywhere, irrespective of where they have physically opened their accounts.
  6. Almost all branches of commercial banks, including the Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), are brought into the core-banking fold
  7. The e-kuber system can be accessed either through INFINET or Internet. What’s INFINET?
  8. The INFINET is a Closed User Group Network for the exclusive use of member banks and financial institutions and is the communication backbone for the National Payments System

[pib] Four-Member Team for Conservation of Loktak LakePIB

  1. Loktak Lake: The largest freshwater lake in Northeast India (Manipur)
  2. This lake is known for its circular floating swamps (called phumdis in the local language)
  3. The term phumdis refers to a collection of heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matter at various stages of decomposition
  4. Sangai is the state animal of Manipur. Its hooves are adapted to walk on the phumdis
  5. The lake is now endangered, with innumerable threats like pollution, decline in diversity of avifauna and thinning of phumdis
  6. The team will enumerate the steps required to be initiated for declaring Loktak Lake as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

[pib] What’s the funda of Progress Panchayat?Govt. SchemesPIB

  1. There is no dearth of schemes and funds for development of Muslim and other Minority communities
  2. Progress Panchayat will proved to be an effective mission for this purpose
  3. Progress Panchayat would educate people of the area about the government’s efforts in social, educational, health and infrastructure sectors and in creating job opportunities
  4. Minority Schemes: “Seekho aur Kamao”, “Nai Manzil”, “Nai Raushni”, “Ustaad”, “Nai Udaan” are guarantee of empowerment of poor belonging to Minority communities
  5. Multi-purpose community centres “Sadbhav Mandap” will also be constructed on waqf land which will be utilized for marriage ceremonies, exhibitions and also relief centres during a calamity

[pib] What is IOWave16?PIB

  1. A recent, tsunami mock drill (IOWave16) was conducted by INCOIS to check implementation of the plan to build tsunami resilient community
  2. INCOIS: Indian National Centre for Oceanic Information Services
  3. The main objective was to test the efficiency of communication links, exercising the standard operating procedures of the emergency services and the evaluation of the readiness to handle the emergency situations

[pib] PM released National Disaster Management Plan. Know more about itGovt. SchemesPIB

  1. NDMP: This is the first ever national plan prepared in the country
  2. The plan is based on the 4 priority themes of the Sendai Framework
  3. 4 Themes (PMRR): Prevention, Mitigation, Response and Recovery
  4. Salient Features of the Plan: Provides for horizontal and vertical integration among all the agencies and departments of the Government
  5. Roles and responsibilities of all levels of Government right up to Panchayat and Urban Local Body level in a matrix format

[pib] Know more about Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai FrameworkPIB

  1. Focuses on the ‘How to’ reduce disaster risk at national and local levels
  2. The SFDRR (2015-2030) was adopted by at the Third World Conference on DRRat Sendai in Japan in March, 2015
  3. Sendai Framework: Identifies targets and priority action areastowards reducing disaster risk by ‘reducing the damage caused by naturalhazards like earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones, through an ethic of prevention’
  4. The conference also commemorated the first World Tsunami Awareness Day