Indian geography for IAS Prelims + Mains


Indian Geography

So far as I am able to judge, nothing has been left undone, either by man or nature, to make India the most extraordinary country that the sun visits on his rounds. Nothing seems to have been forgotten, nothing overlooked.”

– Mark Twain in ‘Following the Equator’

India is a vast country with a great diversity of physical features. Certain parts of India are so fertile that they are counted amongst the most fertile regions of the world while other are so unproductive and barren that hardly anything can be grown there. Climates vary from the blazing heat of the plains to freezing point in Himalayan areas. On one hand, areas like Cherapunji in Meghalaya get more than 1000cm of rainfall per year, and on the other hand, Sindh and Rajasthan get less than 10cm of rainfall per year.

In this article series, we make an attempt to understand the geography of this “epitome of the world” along the following lines:

  1. Geography of India: An Introduction
  2. The Geological Structure of India
  3. Physiography
  4. Drainage System
  5. The Climate
  6. Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
  7. Soils
  8. Irrigation
  9. Agriculture
  10. Miscellaneous Topics


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Lalu Bhaiya
Lalu Bhaiya
5 years ago

Thank you sir for giving such a wonderful notes. I trust your website for english medium and for hindi medium I trust on Still there are some doubts that I have. I am unable to find search option

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4 years ago

Is it better for me to follow these notes for basic understanding of physical geography or should I go for the ncerts?

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4 years ago
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3 years ago

Thank you for giving such wonderful and to the point notes.,, and is the best websites for geography UPSC preparation

Last edited 3 years ago by Lotus Arise
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3 years ago

thanks a lot sir for creating such a useful and informative document, thanks a lot. -With Regards, Toulik Ghosh, student of Julien Day school.

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1 year ago

Thanks for these great notes on geography for a comprehensive notes on geography I only follow PMFIAS.COM, CIVILSDAILY.COM and STUDYWRAP.COM


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