December 2019
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[pib] Comprehensive approach for Border Area Development Programme

  1. The modified BADP guidelines given by MHA were put into motion in 2015. Let’s revisit them again
  2. Coverage of BADP has been extended to cover all the villages which are located within the 0-10 Km of the International Border
  3. The list of schemes permissible under BADP has been expanded to include schemes/ activities relating to Swatchhta Aabhiyan; Skill Development programmes etc.
  4. Provision for Third Party Inspection and Quality Control Mechanism under MHA for random inspections of the BADP schemes
  5. State Governments shall have the monitoring of the BADP schemes by the existing District Level Monitoring
  6. The funds under BADP are provided to the States as a 100% non-lapsable Special Central Assistance.
  7. BADP has been implemented through 17 States which constitute the International Land Borders

[pib] How has Nirbhaya fund been used?

  1. In 2013, a Nirbhaya Fund was set up by the then UPA government as a corpus in the Public Account in the Department of Economic Affairs
  2. Each fiscal year since then Rs. 1000 crore have been allocated to the fund every year
  3. The Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) is now the nodal authority for appraisal of schemes to be financed from the fund
  4. Ina recent Q&A of Lok Sabha, we got to know that Rs. 190.68 crores have been given to the States/UTs, for compensation to the women victims as per CVCF guidelines
  5. CVCF: Central Victim Compensation Fund Scheme
  6. Other schemes which have been formed (for funds utilisation) are:
  7. Creation of Investigative Units for Crime against Women (IUCAW) in all police districts
  8. Universalisation of Women Helpline
  9. One Stop Centre: To support all women including girls below 18 years of age affected by violence, irrespective of caste, class, religion, region, sexual orientation or marital status.

[pib] Quick pointers on Swadesh Darshan and PRASAD Schemes

  1. Ministry of Tourism’s schemes
  2. Swadesh Darshan: Integrated Development of Theme Based Tourist Circuits
  3. Investment in tourism infrastructure for development of Buddhist Circuit in India under its Swadesh Darshan Scheme
  4. PRASAD: National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive.
  5. Under PRASAD 12 cities have been identified for development initially, namely: Amritsar, Ajmer, Dwaraka, Mathura, Varanasi, Gaya, Puri, Amaravati, Kanchipuram, Vellankanni, Kedarnath and Guwahati.
Tourism Sector

[pib] 4 Objectives of New Energy Policy & its difference from the old one

  1. The 4 key objectives of the NEP are: Access at affordable prices,
  2. Improved energy security and independence,
  3. Greater sustainability and
  4. Economic growth
  5. Previous Policy = Integrated Energy Policy (IEP). What’s the difference?
  6. NEP includes the issues related to sharp decline of crude oil prices, change in solar energy technology, heightened concern of climate change issues, ambitious target of Renewable energy and rural electrification agenda
  7. The policy is being discussed by NITI Aayog with different stake holders
Policy Wise: India’s Power Sector

[pib] CSIR’s Initiatives for enabling the Indian Leather Industry

  1. What’s new? Waterless chrome tanning technology is a first of its kind technology to reduce chromium pollution load
  2. Chromium is the most sought after tanning agent
  3. CSIR – CLRI’s “Waterless tanning technology” is a game changer and it reduces the use of water in tanning.
  4. CSIR-CLRI is a recognised Centre for testing of restricted substances, finished leather certification
  5. Central Leather Research Institute: Technologies for bio-processing of leather, zero waste water discharge, value added materials from leather and indigenous chemicals for processing, are some of the highlighting features of this institute
Innovations in Sciences, IT, Computers, Robotics and Nanotechnology

[pib] India’s flagship biennial international oil and gas conference: PETROTECH

  1. Petrotech is Asia’s largest oil and gas event. The theme for this event is “Hydrocarbons to fuel the future – Choices and Challenges”
  2. Petrotech will also include a BRICS Roundtable of Energy Ministers and a Roundtable discussion involving select CELAC countries of Latin America
  3. India will also host the International Energy Forum – International Gas Union (IEF-IGU) Ministerial Forum on December 6
  4. What’s CELAC? The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States is a regional bloc of Latin American and Caribbean states thought out on February 23, 2010
Oil and Gas Sector – HELP, Open Acreage Policy, etc.

[pib] What’s the funda of Progress Panchayat?

  1. There is no dearth of schemes and funds for development of Muslim and other Minority communities
  2. Progress Panchayat will proved to be an effective mission for this purpose
  3. Progress Panchayat would educate people of the area about the government’s efforts in social, educational, health and infrastructure sectors and in creating job opportunities
  4. Minority Schemes: “Seekho aur Kamao”, “Nai Manzil”, “Nai Raushni”, “Ustaad”, “Nai Udaan” are guarantee of empowerment of poor belonging to Minority communities
  5. Multi-purpose community centres “Sadbhav Mandap” will also be constructed on waqf land which will be utilized for marriage ceremonies, exhibitions and also relief centres during a calamity

[pib] PM released National Disaster Management Plan. Know more about it

  1. NDMP: This is the first ever national plan prepared in the country
  2. The plan is based on the 4 priority themes of the Sendai Framework
  3. 4 Themes (PMRR): Prevention, Mitigation, Response and Recovery
  4. Salient Features of the Plan: Provides for horizontal and vertical integration among all the agencies and departments of the Government
  5. Roles and responsibilities of all levels of Government right up to Panchayat and Urban Local Body level in a matrix format

[pib] PM Launches “Housing for All” in Rural Areas

  1. Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin): To provide an environmentally safe and secure pucca house to every rural household by 2022
  2. In its first phase the target is to complete one crore houses by March 2019
  3. Selection process? Using the Socio Economic Census 2011 data and validating it through the Gram Sabha
  4. PMAY-G is a major step forward in bringing together Skill India, Digital India, Make In India, IT/DBT Aadhaar platform and Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY). How?
  5. The programme provides for skilling 5 lakh Rural Masons by 2019
  6. Uses ICT and space technology to further confirm correct selection of beneficiaries and progress of work
  7. The entire payments are through IT/DBT mode with Aadhaar linked Bank accounts
Rural Infrastructure Schemes

[pib] School Education Quality Index and NITI Aayog

  1. NITI Aayog and the MHRD conceptualised SEQI (School Education Quality Index)
  2. The SEQI is a composite index that will report annual improvements of States on key domains of education quality
  3. SEQI is divided into 2 categories: 1) Outcomes, 2) Governance & Management
  4. Outcomes: Learning, Access and Equity
  5. Governance & Management: Governance Processes and Structural Reforms
  6. SEQI has 34 indicators and 1000 points, with the highest weightage given to learning outcomes (600 out of 1000 points)
  7. The final report will be generated in June, 2017. So, watch out!

[pib] MSDE Announces Launch Of Pradhan Mantri Yuva Yojana

  1. Aim: PMYY will provide entrepreneurship education and training to over 7 lakh students in 5 years through 3050 Institutes
  2. Operating ministry: Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
  3. The institutes under the PM’s YUVA Yojana include 2200 Institutes of Higher Learning, 300 schools, 500 ITIs and 50 Entrepreneurship Development Centres, through Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)
  4. Do you remember Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana? Flagship Scheme of MSDE
  5. It is a Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training
  6. Another scheme under MSDE = National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme
  7. 25% of the prescribed stipend payable to an apprentice would be reimbursed to the employers directly by the Government of India
  8. Make note of all these 3 schemes!

[pib] What is Logistic Efficiency Enhancement Programme (LEEP)?

  1. Under Bharatmala Pariyojana, LEEP is aimed to enhance the freight transportation in India
  2. What’s being done? Critical examination of existing logistic infrastructure and destination of freight movement in the country
  3. As a first step towards this task, preparation of Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) is being undertaken by NHAI
  4. It has been decided to use latest technologies such as LiDAR, Satellite mapping and Ground Penetration Radar (GPR) in preparation of DPRs.
  5. What’s LiDAR? Stands for Light Detection and Ranging, is a remote sensing method that uses light in the form of a pulsed laser to measure ranges (variable distances) to the Earth

[pib] Social Security Coverage Scheme for Workers in Unorganised Sector

  1. The Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008 stipulates formulation of suitable welfare schemes for unorganised workers
  2. Ambit of such schemes: Life and disability cover, Health and maternity benefits, Old age protection & any other benefits etc.
  3. 3 Schemes by Min. of Textile: Handloom Weavers’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme, Handicraft Artisans’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme, Pension to Master Craft Persons
  4. 2 Schemes by Min. of Rural Dev: Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme, National Family Benefit Scheme
  5. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare: Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana
  6. Department of Financial Services: Aam Admi Bima Yojana
  7. What are the schemes by Central govt. for the unorganised sector? Atal Pension Yojna, Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) & Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)
  8. Save this card for a revision in detail on all these schemes!

[pib] What is National Career Service(NCS)?

  1. NCS: A National ICT based portal is developed primarily to connect the opportunities with the aspirations of youth
  2. This portal facilitates registration of job seekers, job providers, skill providers, career counsellors, etc.
  3. The services under NCS are accessible from multiple delivery channels like NCS Portal, Employment Exchanges (Career Centres), Common Service Centre etc
  4. Aim: To interlink all employment exchanges with the NCS Portal so that services can be delivered online

[pib] TREAD to promote women entrepreneurs. How?

  1. Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) is operating a scheme titled “Trade Related Entrepreneurship Assistance and Development (TREAD)”
  2. Exclusively to promote women entrepreneurs
  3. Under the scheme, there is a provision for Government of India grant up to 30% of the loan/ credit maximum up to Rs. 30.00 lakh as appraised by lending institutions/ banks

[pib] Modernization of Khadi Units via SFURTI. How?

  1. SFURTI is a Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries
  2. Ministry of MSME has launched this scheme in the year 2005 with the view to promote Cluster development.
  3. KVIC is the nodal Agency for promotion of Cluster development for Khadi as well as for V.I. products.
  4. The Revamped SFURTI Cluster will intensify the sustainability of the programme beyond the project period through creation of Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV)

[pib] What is Mission Raftar?

  1. Mission Raftar has been announced in the Railway Budget 2016-17
  2. The mission envisages the target of doubling of average speed of freight trains and increasing the average speed of all passenger trains by 25 kmph. Time Frame: 5 years
  3. It is  apart of the 7 mission mode activities under Avataran
  4. Mission 25 Tonne: It aims to increase revenue by augmenting carrying capacity
  5. Mission Zero Accident: Elimination of unmanned level crossings & TCAS (Train Collision Avoidance System)
  6. Mission PACE: Procurement and Consumption Efficiency
  7. Mission Hundred: This mission will commission at least a hundred sidings in the next 2 years
  8. Mission beyond book-keeping: It will establish an accounting system where outcomes can be tracked to inputs
  9. Mission Capacity Utilisation

[pib] Setting up of Industry Driven SRTMI. What’s that?

  1. Ministry of Steel is facilitating an Industry driven institutional mechanism namely Steel Research & Technology Mission of India
  2. Aim: facilitate joint collaborative research projects in the iron & steel sector in India
  3. Initial corpus for setting up of SRTMI is Rs. 200 crore of which 50% is to be provided by Ministry of Steel and the balance by the participating steel companies.
  4. SRTMI is an industry driven initiative which has been setup as a Registered Society and Ministry of Steel is a facilitator.
  5. Concern: The R&D investment of the leading steel companies in India in terms of percentage of their turnover ranges from 0.05 to 0.5% vis-à-vis upto 1% in leading steel companies internationally

[pib] What is Credit Enhancement Guarantee Scheme for SC?

  1. Aim: To promote entrepreneurship amongst the Scheduled Castes, by providing Credit Enhancement Guarantee to Banks and Financial Institutions (FIs)
  2. This is a scheme of Min of Social Justice & Empowerment
  3. Under the Scheme, Companies, Partnerships, Societies & Proprietorship firms belonging to Scheduled Castes are eligible for loans.
  4. IFCI Ltd is the Nodal Agency under the Scheme, to issue the guarantee to the Banks & FIs.
  5. What’s IFCI? It is an Indian government owned development bank to cater to the long-term finance needs of the industrial sector
  6. It was the first Development Financial Institution established by the Indian government after independence

[pib] Know more about the Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS)-UDAN

  1. 2 Aims: To promote regional air connectivity in the country including North Eastern region and creating additional infrastructure by revival of unserved and underserved airports/airstrips
  2. This scheme also includes Defence airports
  3. How are we making air connectivity more affordable?
  4. By providing concessions by Central & State Gov. and airport operators to reduce the cost of airline operations on regional routes
  5. A Regional Connectivity Fund (RCF) has been created for Financial support (Viability Gap Funding or VGF) to meet the gap
  6. The Central Government has decided to impose a levy on the scheduled flights being operated within India to fund the RCF