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Type: PIB Releases


PIB: Updates

[pib] Know about Improvement in breed of Cattles

Note4students

The newscard is about improvement in production of cattle and thereby in milk production. Few takeaways are as follows:

Prelims Level: Make note of the programmes that had been launched to improve milk production and their respective aims.

Mains Level: The points may be used for Mains answer


  1. Milk production increased by 6.27% per annum during last three years
  2. Following programmes had been launched to boost supply:
  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission: aim of development and conservation of indigenous breeds
  • National Mission on Bovine Productivity: for enhancing milk production and productivity of bovine population in the country through extension of Artificial Insemination (AI) coverage
  • National Dairy Plan-I: World Bank assisted project being implemented in 18 major dairy States with aim of enhancing milk production and productivity to meet demand of milk in the country through strengthening of semen stations; bull production programme (progeny testing and pedigree selection), ration balancing programme etc.  
  • Breed Improvement Institutes
PIB
PIB: Updates

[pib] What is NISAR?

Note4students

A Prelims Tit-bit. Remember the full form of NISAR and the special technique employed


Context: ISRO and NASA are working towards realisation of NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission by 2021

Plan of Action:

After the launch in 2021, the plan of action includes

  • calibration of instruments & validation of data products;
  • development of science acquisition plan;
  • development of data processing procedures & applications;
  • conduct of outreach activities in research institutes & academia

Special feature: NISAR employs a futuristic SweepSAR technique

PIB: Updates

[pib] Know about Desi Global Positioning System

Note4students

The newscard has information on the GPS system of India. Few takeaways are as follows:

Prelims Level: Make note of the name and agencies involved, and the aim and purpose

Mains Level: Not much mains worthy


Context: ISRO has deployed an indigenous regional positioning system named as “Navigation with Indian Constellation” (NavIC)

Positioning: It consists of seven satellites in a constellation

Aim:

  1. To provide Position, Navigation and Timing (PNT) services in Indian mainland and surrounding region up to 1500 Km
  2. It provides two types of services viz. Standard Positioning Service (SPS) and Restricted Service (RS)
  3. For providing signal in space enabling position, navigation and timing information and it can support commercial civil applications
  4. Mobile-Apps for navigational alerts across maritime jurisdictions is developed and tested for the Fishermen community using first generation NavIC receivers
PIB
PIB: Updates

[pib] Know about BRICS-ARP

Note4students

The newscard has details on BRICS-ARP. Make note of the details for your Prelims specially.

Prelims Level: Make note of BRICS-ARP

Mains Level: Read the points so that they can be used in your mains answer


When?  During the 7th BRICS Summit held on 9th July 2015 at Ufa in Russia

Who proposed? Indian Prime Minister Shri Modi proposed to establish BRICS Agriculture Research Centre

Proposal: The Centre will promote sustainable agricultural development and poverty alleviation through strategic cooperation in agriculture to provide food security in the BRICS member countries.

BRICS-ARP:

  1. To intensify cooperation among BRICS countries in agricultural research policy, science and technology, innovation and capacity building, including technologies for smallholder farming in the BRICS countries
  2. Proposal for the establishment of the Agricultural Research Platform was signed by the foreign Ministers of BRICS countries in the 8th BRICS Summit held on 16th October, 2016 at Goa
  3. BRICS-ARP will be the natural global platform for science-led agriculture-based sustainable development for addressing the issues of world hunger, under-nutrition, poverty and inequality, particularly between farmers’ and non-farmers’ income, and enhancing agricultural trade, bio-security and climate resilient agriculture
PIB
PIB: Updates

[pib] What is Cloud Observatory?

Note4students

The newscard has details on Cloud Observatory. Some takeaways:

Prelims Level: Remember the place where the observatory has been set up, and the purpose. UPSC might question on these.

Mains Level: Not much Mains worthy   


Where?

  1. A high altitude cloud physics observatory has been established at Munnar (Kerala), in Western Ghats
  2. The region which is gateway for the monsoon of India

Purpose:

  1. High altitude cloud physics observatory is used to observe cloud and rain processes over that region with state of the art observations
  2. Such facility will enable understanding of rainfall distribution and will allow better characterization of rainfall processes in the numerical models used for prediction of monsoon rainfall
  3. It is expected that long term monitoring of cloud and rainfall processes will enable accurate representation of cloud micro-physical process in forecast models to improve over all skill of rainfall prediction for severe weather phenomena viz, heavy rainfall, thunderstorm etc., not only over Kerala but for the whole country
PIB
PIB: Updates

[pib] Know about NMEM

Note4students

The newscard has information on National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020. Few takeaways are:

Prelims Level: Make note of the Plan 2020, its aim, and about FAME for your Prelims.

Mains Level: Not much Mains worthy


National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020:

  1. It was unveiled in 2013
  2. This Mission Plan has been designed mainly considering the Fuel Security and Environmental Pollution in the country

Aim:

  1. To promote electric mobility in the country
  2. NMEM aims for a cumulative fuel saving of about 9500 million litres
  3. This results in reduction of pollution and greenhouse gas emission of 2 million tonnes with targeted market penetration of 6-7 million vehicles by 2020

FAME

  1. As part of this mission, Department of Heavy Industry formulated a scheme namely FAME -India [Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India]
  2. The overall scheme is proposed to be implemented over a period of 6 years, till 2020
  3. It is intended to support the hybrid/electric vehicles market development and its manufacturing eco-system to achieve self-sustenance at the end of the stipulated period
  4. The scheme is one of the green initiatives of the Government of India
  5. It will be one of the biggest contributors in reducing pollution from road transport sector in near future
  6. The scheme has 4 focus areas i.e. Technology Development, Demand Creation, Pilot Projects and Charging Infrastructure
PIB
PIB: Updates

[pib] Know about Sagar Vani

Note4students

This newscard is about Sagar Vani. Few takeaways from this are:

Prelims Level: Note down what is Sagar Vani and its importance. Also make note of how it is an achievement for India.

Mains Level: Not very important for Mains.


Who? Ministry of Earth Sciences

What is INCOIS?

  1. ESSO-Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) provides ocean information services for the benefit of various user communities in the country
  2. The services are more fruitfully utilized when the advisories reaches the end user in timely manner and in user readable format

Sagar Vani

  1. An Integrated Information Dissemination System (IDS) named “SAGAR VANI” has been developed
  2. It is a software platform where various dissemination modes will be integrated on a single central server
  3. Developer: ESSO-INCOIS through the Industry M/s. Gaian Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
  4. It includes Multi Lingual SMS, Voice Call / Audio Advisory, Mobile Apps (User / Admin modules), Social Media (Facebook, Twitter, etc.), Email, GTS, Fax, Digital Display Boards, Radio / Television broadcast units, IVRS, Cloud Channels, etc.

The ‘Big thing’

  1. The system compares with the most advanced countries’ services in terms of speed of delivery, omni channel capabilities and diverseness of services
  2. With this system, the services will be disseminated in local languages using advanced artificial intelligence and machine learning capabilities
  3. For the first time in India, we are also using the power of television and cable network mediums for topical and alert dissemination services

Importance

The ‘Sagar Vani’ will serve the coastal community, especially the fishermen community with the advisories and alerts towards their livelihood as well as their safety at Sea

PIB

[pib] Know about Industry-Academia Collaborative Mission

Note4Students: 

This PIB has some good information on biopharmaceuticals. Few takeaways:

  • Prelims Exam: Read about the Mission and its funding
  • Mains Exam: The objectives and focus areas of the scheme will be of help for your Mains answer.

About the Mission:

  • Aims to accelerate discovery research to early development for biopharmaceuticals
  • The Mission will be implemented by Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) – a Public Sector Undertaking of Department of Biotechnology (DBT)
  • The Mission Program would be a Pan-India program Focus areas:
  • The key focus areas of the program would aid in preparing India’s technological and product development capabilities in the biopharmaceutical sector
  • Aims to transform the health standards of India’s population through affordable product development

Funding:

  • Total project cost to be funded by Government of India is Rs. 1500 crore for five years
  • 50% cost for the Mission Programme will be arranged through the World Bank loan

Agencies involved:

  • For the implementation, a Programme Management Unit will be set up at BIRAC
  • This will work as an operational and functional arm that oversees and monitors program implementation and progress

Focus of the Mission:

  • The Mission will focus on Development of specific products – vaccines, bio therapeutics, medical devices and diagnostics
  • There will be establishment of shared infrastructure and facilities; building and strengthening domain specific knowledge and management skills
  • Focus is on creating and enhancing technology transfer capabilities in public and private sector

[pib] Know about Industry-Academia Collaborative Mission

Note4Students: This PIB has some good information on biopharmaceuticals.


Few takeaways:

  • Prelims Exam: Read about the Mission and its funding
  • Mains Exam: The objectives and focus areas of the scheme will be of help for your Mains answer.

About the Mission:
• Aims to accelerate discovery research to early development for biopharmaceuticals
• The Mission will be implemented by Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC)- a Public Sector Undertaking of Department of Biotechnology(DBT)
• The Mission Program would be a Pan-India program

Focus areas:

  • The key focus areas of the program would aid in preparing India’s technological and product development capabilities in the biopharmaceutical sector
  •  Aims to transform the health standards of India’s population through affordable product development
    Funding:
  • Total project cost to be funded by Government of India is Rs. 1500 crore for five years
  • 50% cost for the Mission Programme will be arranged through the World Bank loan

Agencies involved:

  • For the implementation, a Programme Management Unit will be set up at BIRAC
  • This will work as an operational and functional arm that oversees and monitors program implementation and
    progress

Focus of the Mission:

  • The Mission will focus on Development of specific products – vaccines, bio therapeutics, medical devices
    and diagnostics
  • There will be establishment of shared infrastructure and facilities; building and strengthening domain specific
    knowledge and management skills
  •  Focus is on creating and enhancing technology transfer capabilities in public and private sector

[pib] Know about Maternity Benefit Program

Note4Students: The program is an important step to empower women.


Takeaways:

  • For Prelims, remember the objectives of the program.
  • Also read about the Target Group, to understand about the program and its relevance.This scheme could be used as a example while writing answers on women empowerment related Question Program:
  • The Maternity Benefit Program will provide compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentives
  • The women can take adequate rest before and after delivery and not be deprived of proper nutrition

Objective of the Scheme: 

  • To provide partial compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentives so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first living child
  • The cash incentives provided would lead to improved health seeking behavior amongst the Pregnant Women and Lactating Mother (PWandLM) to reduce the effects of under-nutrition namely stunting, wasting and other related problems

Target Group:

  • All eligible Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PWandLM)
  • It excludes the Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers who are in regular employment with the Central Government or State Government or PSUs or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being.

Cash entitlement under the scheme:

  •  It has been decided to give the benefit of Rs.5000/- to PWandLM in three installment for the birth of the first live child by MWCD
  •  Remaining cash incentive as per approved norms towards Maternity Benefit under existing programmes after institutional delivery so that on an average, a woman will get ₹ 6000/-

Many questions still remain

• The ordinance to amend the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 has been touted by the Union government as bringing serious changes to the status quo when it comes to the resolution of banks’ huge non-performing assets

• The ordinance gives the government the power to authorize the Reserve Bank of India to directly deal with banks in resolving NPAs by targeting specific borrowers

• The build up of NPAs threatens the solvency of banks, holding them back from lending to businesses

• It is hoped that the RBI’s direct role in the resolution process will encourage banks to be bolder in taking haircuts

• Earlier, it is said, bankers feared questions from the RBI if they invoked the insolvency and bankruptcy code

• It was only in April that the RBI mandated banks to increase provisioning for loans exposed to certain sectors, suggesting banks still don’t recognize the full extent of their losses

• A related issue is whether willing buyers will emerge to purchase NPAs and the price these loans would command

• There is also the issue of the risk that deep hair cuts pose to the capital position of banks, and if banks are in a position to absorb the impact

• Lastly, the ordinance does not address the problem of cronyism at the root of India’s NPA crisis

[pib] EMF Portal

  • The Minister of Communications launched Tarang Sanchar
  • Tarang Sanchar: A web portal for information sharing on Mobile Towers and EMF Emission Compliances
  • Aim: It will go a long way in clearing the myths and misconceptions of public on mobile towers and emissions from them
  • He expressed the hope that the portal will empower common man to know at the convenience of a mouse click, about towers working in a particular locality and whether they are compliant to the EMF emission norms defined by the Government

[pib] Geo tagging of assets created under Rashtiya Krishi Vikas Yojana

Geo tagging:

  • It is the process of adding geographical identification like latitude and longitude to various media such as a photo or video
  • Geo tagging can help users find a wide variety of location- specific information from a device
  • It provides users the location of the content of a given picture

Geo mapping: A visual representation of the geographical location of geotagged assets layered on top of map or satellite imagery

Why is Geo tagging important?

  • Several assets are created in the states under various schemes of the Ministry of Agriculture
  • Under RKVY also, states have been utilising substantial amount of funds for creation of infrastructure/assets in agriculture and allied sectors such as soil testing labs, pesticide testing labs, bio fertiliser setting units, custom hiring centres, vaccine production units , veterinary diagnosis labs , dispensaries , milk collection centres, fish production units, godowns, cold storage, shade nets, pandals for vegetable cultivation etc.
  • Monitoring of such wide spread activities is of paramount importance to states and Government of India to understand flow of funds, inventorising the assets, bringing in transparency, planning of assets for future, and finally informing the farmers about the facilities available
  • PM on several occasions emphasised on use of technology for reporting of assets created through geo- tagging
  • Finance Minister also highlighted monitoring of MGNREGA assets through Geotagging in his budget speech
  • Geo tagging for monitoring of assets is already started in Ministry of Rural Development for MGNREGA and Department of Land Resources for monitoring of watershed activities in the states
  • Postal department has also geo tagged the post offices using NRSC Bhuvan Platform

Who does it?

  • National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA) , ISRO at Hyderabad
  • This centre of ISRO has a software platform, Bhuvan that allows users to explore a 2D/3D representation of the surface of the Earth
  • It also acts as a platform for hosting government data
  • NRSC is involved in mapping of resources (Postal, GAIL, Forest etc) as well as monitoring of assets created under various schemes of Ministry of water Resources, Ministry of rural development etc.
  • The assets created under RKVY could be monitored by Geo tagging them using BHUVAN, a geo platform of National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) of ISRO, Hyderabad
  • In future, the location of the infrastructure created and distances from each other could also be utilised for arriving at distribution of assets and optimum number of that particular asset required in a district or state

Proposal for geo tagging of infrastructure / assets created under RKVY:

  • It is proposed to prepare inventory of the assets created in the last one decade (2007-2017) under RKVY through Geo tagging technique
  • National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), wing of Indian Space Research Organisation is providing technical support to RKVY division and has come up with a detailed procedure for the same
  • The institute is involved in preparation of the required app, imparting training to the states etc.
  • The trained officers at the field level will take the photographs (with details of latitude, longitude, year of creation etc.) of the assets and upload on to the Bhuvan- RKVY platform of NRSC
  • So far NRSC has developed RKVY app, training manual, imparted training to 17 states regarding use of the app
  • The organisation will provide technical backstopping till the Geo tagging exercise is completed
  • Pilot work has been initiated in 4 states of Orissa, Maharashtra, Bihar and Karnataka

Note4Students: An important PIB for Prelims and Mains both. Read a comprehensive coverage on RKVY here.

[pib] ISRO will be putting GSAT-19E into Orbit. Know more

  1. ISRO is working towards putting into orbit an indigenous communication satellite GSAT-19, weighing 3.3 tonne and carrying Ka/ Ku band payloads
  2. The satellite assembly is in advanced stages
  3. Launch campaign for the first developmental flight of GSLV Mk-III has commenced on September 29, 2016 at Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), Sriharikota
  4. ISRO is working towards increasing the payload capacity of GSLV Mk-III beyond four tonnes in the coming years
  5. Strategy to achieve increased payload capacity include performance improvement of propulsion systems, inert mass optimisation and miniaturisation of avionics system
  6. Chandrayaan-2, comprising of Orbiter, Lander and Rover, with a total payload mass of 3250 kg is planned to be launched onboard GSLV Mk-II during the first quarter of 2018

Back2basics:

Read the backgrounder of this story – we have compiled the most important ISRO missions (for last 2 years) – ISRO Missions and Discoveries

Note4Students:

Prepare your notes on space satellites, they are a favourite among UPSC examiners.

PIB

[pib] 17 Administrative Reforms implemented by Government

  1. e-Samiksha– A real time online system for monitoring and follow up action on the decisions taken by the Government at the apex level in respect of implementation of important Government’s programmes / projects
  2. e-Office- e-Office Mission Mode Project (MMP) has been strengthened for enabling Ministries/Department to switchover to paperless office
  3. Direct Benefit Transfer(DBT) payment, e-Payments – All payments to the beneficiary is to be made directly to their bank account through electronic mode under DBT
  4. Aadhaar enabled Biometric Attendance System (AEBAS) –AEBAS was introduced in the Central Government Offices located in Delhi to monitor punctuality of government officials. This has improved the punctuality of the Government servant in offices
  5. Smart Performance Appraisal Report Recording Online Window (SPARROW) –Annual Performance Appraisal Report of All India Service Officers and some other services are being submitted online in the SPARROW portal. The system ensures timely submission and easy access of APAR
  6. Legal Information Management Based System (LIMBS) – This is an online court case monitoring system to ensure speedy disposal of disputes
  7. JeevanPramaan – The system provides authenticity to Digital Life Certificate without the necessity of the pensioner being present in person before his/ her Pension Dispensing Authority (PDA)
  8. UMAN– Unified Mobile App for New – age Governance is an initiative to build a common, unified platform and mobile app to facilitate single point of access for government services through mobile
  9. e-Sign– This framework has been developed as an integrated service, which facilitates issuing a Digital Signature Certificate and performing signing of requested document by authenticating the Aadhaar card holder
  10. Digital Locker-This provides an ecosystem with collection of repositories and gateways for issuers to upload the documents in the digital repositories. It will eliminate the usage of physical documents and enable sharing of e-documents across agencies.The System serves as a platform to enable citizens to securely store and share their documents with service providers who can directly access them electronically
  11. e-Hospital– Online Registration Framework (ORF) is an initiative to facilitate the patients to take online OPD appointments with government hospitals. This framework also covers patient care, laboratory services and medical record management
  12. Mobile Seva– Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has implemented a countrywide initiative on mobile governance, called Mobile Seva, to provide government services to the people through mobile phones and tablets
  13. National Centre of Geo-informatics (NCoG)- Under this project, Geographic Information System (GIS) platform for sharing, collaboration, location based analytics and decision support system for Departments has been developed. Currently, 8 applications across various domains are operational
  14. M-Kisan Portal – All Central and State Government organizations in agriculture and allied sectors to give information/services/advisories to farmers by SMS in their language, preference of agricultural practices and location
  15. Kisan Call Centres – Government setup call centres to respond to the queries of farmers on all seven days a week from 6.00 AM to 10.00 PM through toll free telephone No. 1XXX-XX-1551
  16. Kisan Suvidha Mobile App – on five critical parameters – weather, input dealers, market price, plant protection and expert advisories
  17. e-National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) – Connecting 21 wholesale markets (Mandis) in eight states

Note4Students:

Might come in Prelims but we don’t expect you to remember all of them in one go. Just read and move on. These themes/ policies will keep recurring and we will keep putting them for your revision. PIB prints answers to LS/ RS questions and this gives us an oppty to revisit our basics.

PIB
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