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Know about the salient provisions of the Act. Can be a prelims trivia or the issue as a whole can be asked in mains.
Q. ‘Rashtriya Garima Abhiyaan’ is a national campaign to [Prelims 2016]
(a) rehabilitate the homeless and destitute persons and provide them with suitable sources of livelihood
(b) release the sex workers from their practice and provide them with alternative sources of livelihood
(c) eradicate the practice of manual scavenging and rehabilitate the manual scavengers
(d) release the bonded labourers from their bondage and rehabilitate them
Answer: (c) It is the “National Campaign for Dignity and Eradication of Manual Scavenging”
The Prohibition of Manual Scavenging and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 intends to achieve its objectives to:-
i) Eliminate the insanitary latrines.
a) Employment as Manual Scavengers
b) Hazardous manual cleaning of sewer and septic tanks.
iii) Survey of Manual Scavengers and their rehabilitation, within a time bound manner.
Main features of the Act are:-
(i) Definitions of manual scavengers and insanitary latrines widened to cover not only dry latrines but other insanitary latrines as well.
(ii) Offences under the Act are cognizable and non-bailable and attract stringent penalties.
(iii) Vigilance/Monitoring Committee at sub-Division, District, State and Central Govt. levels.
(iv) National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK) would, inter alia, monitor implementation of the Act and enquire into complaints regarding contravention of the provisions of the Act.
(v) Provision of construction of adequate number of sanitary community latrines in urban areas, within three years from the date of commencement of this Act to eliminate the practice of open defecation.
Cannot be asked in exam but can be quoted as an example of religious harmony (not only tolerance).
A Prelims tit bit.
An example of how divisions within society can make it weak towards external enemies.
Children should be made to understand that discrimination is hurtful, and to have kinder attitudes towards people from different groups. A study of primary school students in the United States found that white students who read about both the accomplishments of and the discrimination faced by black Americans later displayed less biased attitudes towards blacks than white children who had merely read about accomplishments.
Lack of government support in the face of family disapproval may be one reason why the India Human Development Survey found that only 5% of marriages are inter-caste.
Untouchability may have been outlawed through Article 17 of the Indian Constitution, but that is only the most extreme way to keep human beings and fellow citizens apart. In fact, Indians of different castes even today seldom eat together, live together, inter-marry or in other ways participate in each other’s life-worlds across the invisible yet impenetrable barriers of caste
Untouchability (Offenses) Act (1955) provides penalties for preventing anyone from enjoying a wide variety of religious, occupational, and social rights on the grounds that he or she is from a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe
Indian campuses are witnessing unusual caste flare-ups, highlighted by the suicide of Dalit scholar Rohith Vemula in Hyderabad.
The final blow was delivered by Human Resource Development Ministry’s letters and reminders to the university.
Rohith Vemula hanged himself 12 days after he was expelled from his hostel along with four other researchers.
All societies face serious challenges on account of discrimination and institutionalised inequality.
Centuries of artificial division of society into hundreds of castes, the denial of education for all but a few “upper” castes, an unbreakable linkage between caste and occupation, institutionalized untouchability and absurd notions of “impurity”, the long-entrenched tradition of endogamous marriages within a sub-caste, and serious prejudice against mixed marriages are all that have made the Indian caste system the most heinous, oppressive and intractable form of discrimination and inequality by birth.