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Digital India Initiatives

[pib] RailWire Wi-FiPIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : RailWire

Mains level : Various Digital India initiatives


Indian Railways has successfully completed the work of providing free public Wi-Fi at 5500 stations across the country.  This is a unique initiative as this Wi-Fi network is one of the largest Wi-Fi networks in the world.

RailWire

  • To transform the Railway stations into the hub of Digital inclusion, Indian Railways mandated RailTel, a Miniratna PSU under Ministry of Railways, to provide free high-speed Wi-Fi at the Railway stations.
  • The journey started in January 2016 from the financial capital of India – Mumbai Central station and in a span of 46 months Railways has successfully provided Wi-Fi at 5500 stations across the country.
  • The mission is to provide Wi-Fi at all Railway stations (except the halt ones).
  • The Wi-Fi is being provided under the brand name of RailWire.
Minority Issues – SC, ST, Dalits, OBC, Reservations, etc.

[pib] ‘Going Online as Leaders’ ProgrammePIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : GOAL Programme

Mains level : Tribal development measures



Ministry of Tribal Affairs has informed that it was not associated with the pilot project GOAL implemented by the Facebook.

GOAL Programme

  • GOAL is a digitally-enabled mentorship initiative of Facebook for empowering tribal youth to become leaders for tomorrow in the respective fields.
  • It is stated to aim at identifying and mobilizing renowned policy makers and influencers, known for their leadership skills or roles, to digitally empower and personally mentor tribal youth from tribal communities across multiple locations of India.
  • The initiative has been designed to identify and attach 1 Mentor who is expert in their respective fields, to four tribal youth, who will be trained and mentored.
  • Facebook had started a pilot project on its own in March 2019 in 5 states of India i.e. Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha, Maharashtra, wherein they have identified 100 Tribal Mentees and 25 Mentors.
Foreign Policy Watch: India-Bangladesh

[pib] Ports of CallPIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Ports of Call, BIMSTEC

Mains level : PIWT&T


The Minister of State for Shipping has informed that under the Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWT&T) between India and Bangladesh.

What are Ports of Call?

  • Port of call means an intermediate stop for a ship on its scheduled journey for cargo operation or taking on supplies or fuel.
  • The following are existing Ports of Call in the two countries on Indo-Bangladesh Protocol (IBP) route:
India Kolkata Haldia Pandu Karimganj Silghat Dhubri
Bangladesh Narayanganj

 

Khulna

 

Mongla Sirajganj Ashuganj

 

Pangaon

About the ports

  • Port of Mongla is declared as Port of Call under PIWT&T and Chattogram port is not part of PIWT&T.
  • Mongla and Chattogram are declared as Ports of Call under the “Coastal Shipping Agreement” between India and Bangladesh.

Back2Basics

BIMSTEC Coastal Shipping Agreement

  • It aims to facilitate coastal shipping (instead of deep-sea shipping) in the region boosting trade between the member countries.
  • It applies to coastal shipping- shipping within 20 nautical miles of the coastline. Coastal shipping requires smaller vessels compared to deep sea shipping.
  • The agreement could help make movement of cargo between member countries faster, less costly, and more environments friendly.
Indian Army Updates

[pib] Exercise INDRA 2019PIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Exercise INDRA

Mains level : India-Russia defence relations


Exercise INDRA 2019 will be conducted in India from 10 — 19 December 2019 simultaneously at Babina (near Jhansi), Pune, and Goa.

Exercise INDRA

  • It is a joint, tri services exercise between India and Russia
  • This series of exercise began in 2003 and the First joint Tri Services Exercise was conducted in 2017.
  • Company sized mechanised contingents, fighter and transport aircraft as well as ships of respective Army, Air Force and Navy wiil participate in this exercise of ten days duration.
  • The exercise will consist of a five day training phase consisting of a comprehensive training curriculum.
BRICS Summits

[pib] BRICS remote Sensing Satellite ConstellationPIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Remote sensing constellation

Mains level : Space cooperation amongst BRICS nations


The space agencies of BRICS nations have been negotiating a Framework Agreement to formalize the cooperation on building a ‘virtual constellation of remote sensing satellites’.

About the constellation

  • The purpose of the proposed virtual constellation is to get access to satellite remote sensing data, which could be used by the individual BRICS nations for various applications including natural resources management and disaster management.
  • There are two phases proposed for the Constellation: phase one, comprising a virtual constellation of existing satellites; and phase two, a new satellite constellation.
  • It will create a system for the sharing of remote sensing data, meaning the data from each of the member countries’ existing Earth observation satellites will be made available to all the other members.

Why need such constellation?

  • The BRICS represents 43 percent of the world’s population, 30 percent of gross domestic product and 17 percent of global trade and they have been trying to enhance co-operation in different fields, including space.
  • Currently, only Brazil, Russia, India and China have remote-sensing satellites in the sun-synchronous orbit, and they will provide data to South Africa, which does not have a satellite of its own.
Capital Markets: Challenges and Developments

[pib] Bharat Bond Exchange Traded Fund (ETF)PIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Bharat Bond Exchange Traded Fund (ETF)

Mains level : Not Much


The Union Cabinet has given its approval for creation and launch of Bharat Bond Exchange Traded Fund (ETF).

Bharat Bond ETF

  • Bharat Bond ETF would be the first corporate Bond ETF in the country.
  • It aims to create an additional source of funding for Central Public Sector Undertakings (CPSUs) Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs), Central Public Financial Institutions (CPFIs) and other Government organizations.
  • ETF will be a basket of bonds issued by CPSE/CPSU/CPFI/any other Government organization Bonds.
  1. Tradable on exchange
  2. Small unit size Rs 1,000
  3. Transparent NAV (Periodic live NAV during the day)
  4. Transparent Portfolio (Daily disclosure on website)
  5. Low cost (0.0005%)

Bharat Bond ETF Structure:

  • Each ETF will have a fixed maturity date
  • The ETF will track the underlying Index on risk replication basis, i.e. matching Credit Quality and Average Maturity of the Index
  • Will invest in a portfolio of bonds of CPSE, CPSU, CPFI or any other Government organizations that matures on or before the maturity date of the ETF
  • As of now, it will have 2 maturity series – 3 and 10 years. Each series will have a separate index of the same maturity series.

Index Methodology

  • Index will be constructed by an independent index provider – National Sock Exchange
  • Different indices tracking specific maturity years – 3 and 10 years

Benefits to investors

  • Bond ETF will provide safety (underlying bonds are issued by CPSEs and other Government owned entities), liquidity (tradability on exchange) and predictable tax efficient returns (target maturity structure).
  • It will also provide access to retail investors to invest in bonds with smaller amount (as low as Rs. 1,000) thereby providing easy and low-cost access to bond markets.
  • This will increase participation of retail investors who are currently not participating in bond markets due to liquidity and accessibility constraints.
  • Tax efficiency compared to Bonds as coupons from the Bonds are taxed at marginal rates. Bond ETFs are taxed with the benefit of indexation which significantly reduces the tax on capital gains for investor.

Benefits for CPSEs

  • Bond ETF would offer CPSEs, CPSUs, CPFIs and other Government organizations an additional source of meeting their borrowing requirements apart from bank financing.
  • It will expand their investor base through retail and HNI participation which can increase demand for their bonds. With increase in demand for their bonds, these issuers may be able to borrow at reduced cost thereby reducing their cost of borrowing over a period of time.
  • Further, Bond ETF trading on the exchange will help in better price discovery of the underlying bonds.
  • Since a broad debt calendar to assess the borrowing needs of the CPSEs would be prepared and approved each year, it would inculcate borrowing discipline in the CPSEs at least to the extent of this investment.
Electoral Reforms In India

[pib] Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System (PPRTMS)PIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : PPRTMS

Mains level : Registration of Political parties in India


Election Commission of India (ECI) is set to implement “Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System” (PPRTMS).

About PPRTMS

  • The salient feature in PPRTMS is that the applicant (who is applying for party registration from 1st January, 2020 onwards) will be able to track the progress of his / her application and will get status update through SMS and email.
  • It will be implemented through an online portal, to facilitate tracking of status of application by applicants.
  • The applicant is required to provide contact mobile number and email address of the party / applicant in his application if he/she wishes to track the progress of the application.

Back2Basics

Registration of Political Parties

  • The Registration of Political Parties is governed by the provisions of section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.
  • A party seeking registration under the said section with the Commission has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation.
  • The application must be in prescribed format with basic particulars about the party such as name, address, membership details of various units, names of office bearers etc.
Minority Issues – SC, ST, Dalits, OBC, Reservations, etc.

[pib] “Development of PVTGs” SchemeGovt. SchemesPIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : PVTGs

Mains level : Tribal development measures


The Union Minister of Tribal Affairs has informed about the funds released under the aforesaid scheme, to the Parliament.

Development of PVTGs Scheme

  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs is implementing the scheme of “Development of PVTGs”.
  • It covers 75 PVTGs for the activities like education, housing, land distribution, land development, agricultural development, animal husbandry, construction of link roads, etc. for the comprehensive socio-economic development of PVTGs.
  • Under the scheme, State Governments submits Conservation-cum-Development (CCD) Plans on the basis of their requirement.
  • 100% grants-in-aid are made available to States as per the provisions of the scheme.

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups

  • There are certain tribal communities who have declining or stagnant population, low level of literacy, pre-agricultural level of technology and are economically backward.
  • They generally inhabit remote localities having poor infrastructure and administrative support.
  • These groups are among the most vulnerable section of our society as they are few in numbers, have not attained any significant level of social and economic development.
  • 75 such groups have been identified and categorized as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).

Statewise list of PVTGs 

Name of the State Name of PVTGs
Andhra Pradesh (including Telangana) 1.      Bodo Gadaba
2.      Bondo Poroja
3.      Chenchu
4.      Dongria Khond
5.      Gutob Gadaba
6.      Khond Poroja
7.      Kolam
8.      Kondareddis
9.      Konda Savaras
10.  Kutia Khond
11.  Parengi Poroja
12.  Thoti
Bihar (including Jharkhand) 13.  Asurs
14.   Birhor
15.  Birjia
16.  Hill Kharia
17.  Korwas
18.  Mal Paharia
19.  Parhaiyas
20.  Sauria Paharia
21.  Savar
Gujarat 22.  Kathodi
23.  Kotwalia
24.  Padhar
25.  Siddi
26.  Kolgha
Karnataka 27.  JenuKuruba
28.  Koraga
Kerala 29.  Cholanaikayan
30.  Kadar
31.  Kattunayakan
32.  Kurumbas
33.  Koraga
Madhya Pradesh (including Chhattisgarh) 34.  Abujh Marias
35.  Baigas
36.  Bharias
37.  Hill Korbas
38.  Kamars
39.  Saharias
40.  Birhor
Maharashtra 41.  Katkaria (Kathodia)
42.  Kolam
43.  Maria Gond
Manipur 44.  Marram Nagas
Orissa 45.  Birhor
46.  Bondo
47.  Didayi
48.  Dongria-Khond
49.  Juangs
50.  Kharias
51.  Kutia Kondh
52.  Lanjia Sauras
53.  Lodhas
54.  Mankidias
55.  Paudi Bhuyans
56.  Soura
57.  Chuktia Bhunjia
Rajasthan 58.   Seharias
Tamil Nadu 59.  Kattu Nayakans
60.  Kotas
61.  Kurumbas
62.  Irulas
63.  Paniyans
64.  Todas
Tripura 65.   Reangs
Uttar Pradesh (including Uttarakhand) 66.  Buxas
67.  Rajis
West Bengal 68.  Birhor
69.   Lodhas
70.  Totos
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 71.  Great Andamanese
72.  Jarawas
73.  Onges
74.  Sentinelese
75.  Shom Pens

 

Swachh Bharat Mission

[pib] Blue Flag Certification for beachesIOCRPIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Blue Flag Certification

Mains level : Coastal conservation in India


The MoEFCC has embarked upon a programme for ‘Blue Flag’ Certification for select beaches in the country.

Blue Flag Certification

  • This Certification is accorded by an international agency “Foundation for Environment Education, Denmark” based on 33 stringent criteria in four major heads i.e.
  1. Environmental Education and Information,
  2. Bathing Water Quality,
  3. Environment Management and Conservation and
  4. Safety and Services in the beaches.
  • It started in France in 1985 and has been implemented in Europe since 1987, and in areas outside Europe since 2001, when South Africa joined.
  • Japan and South Korea are the only countries in South and southeastern Asia to have Blue Flag beaches.
  • Spain tops the list with 566 such beaches; Greece and France follow with 515 and 395, respectively.

Beaches identified in India

  • 13 pilot beaches that have been identified for the certification, in consultation with concerned coastal States/UTs, are Ghoghala Beach (Diu), Shivrajpur beach (Gujarat), Bhogave (Maharashtra), Padubidri and Kasarkod (Karnagaka), Kappad beach (Kerala), Kovalam beach (Tamil Nadu), Eden beach (Puducherry), Rushikonda beach (Andhra Pradesh), Miramar beach (Goa), Golden beach (Odisha), Radhanagar beach (Andaman & Nicobar Islands) and Bangaram beach (Lakshadweep).
  • Rushikonda beach in Andhra Pradesh also features in the list of 13 pilot beaches, for development of facilities and infrastructure accordingly.
  • The Chandrabhaga beach on the Konark coast of Odisha is the first in India to get the Blue Flag certification.
Tiger Conservation Efforts – Project Tiger, etc.

[pib] Tiger Corridors in IndiaPIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Tiger corridors in India

Mains level : Conservation of tigers in India


The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change has informed about the Tiger corridors in Country in Lok Sabha.

Tiger corridors in India

  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority in collaboration with the Wildlife Institute of India has mapped out 32 major corridors across the country.
  • These are operationalised through a Tiger Conservation Plan, mandated under section 38V of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  • The list of macro/landscape level tiger corridors are as under:
Sl. No. Landscape Corridor States/ Country
1. Shivalik Hills & Gangetic Plains (i) Rajaji-Corbett Uttarakhand
(ii) Corbett-Dudhwa Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Nepal
(iii) Dudhwa-Kishanpur Katerniaghat Uttar Pradesh, Nepal
2. Central India & Eastern Ghats (i) Ranthambhore-Kuno-Madhav Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
(ii) Bandhavgarh-Achanakmar Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
(iii) Bandhavgarh-Sanjay Dubri-Guru Ghasidas Madhya Pradesh
(iv) Guru Ghasidas-Palamau-Lawalong Chhattisgarh & Jharkhand
(v) Kanha-Achanakmar Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
(vi) Kanha-Pench Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra
(vii) Pench-Satpura-Melghat Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra
(viii) Kanha-Navegaon Nagzira-Tadoba-Indravati Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh
(ix) Indravati-Udanti Sitanadi-Sunabeda Chhattisgarh, Odisha
(x) Similipal-Satkosia Odisha
(xi) Nagarjunasagar-Sri Venkateshwara National Park Andhra Pradesh
3. Western Ghats (i) Sahyadri-Radhanagari-Goa Maharashtra, Goa
(ii) Dandeli Anshi-Shravathi Valley Karnataka
(iii) Kudremukh-Bhadra Karnataka
(iv) Nagarahole-Pusphagiri-Talakavery Karnataka
(v) Nagarahole-Bandipur-Mudumalai-Wayanad Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
(vi) Nagarahole-Mudumalai-Wayanad Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
(vii) Parambikulam-Eranikulam-Indira Gandhi Kerala, Tamil Nadu
(viii) Kalakad Mundanthurai-Periyar Kerala, Tamil Nadu
4. North East (i) Kaziranga-Itanagar WLS Assam, Arunachal Pradesh
(ii) Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong Assam
(iii) Kaziranga-Nameri Assam
(iv) Kaziranga-Orang Assam
(v) Kaziranga-Papum Pane Assam
(vi) Manas-Buxa Assam, West Bengal, Bhutan
(vii) Pakke-Nameri-Sonai Rupai-Manas Arunachal Pradesh, Assam
(viii) Dibru Saikhowa-D’Ering-Mehaong Assam, Arunachal Pradesh
(ix) Kamlang-Kane-Tale Valley Arunachal Pradesh
(x) Buxa-Jaldapara West Bengal

 


Back2Basics

Project Tiger

  • Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in April 1973 by during PM Indira Gandhi’s tenure.
  • It is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.
  • The project aims at ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats, protecting them from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage forever represented as close as possible the diversity of ecosystems across the distribution of tigers in the country.
  • The project’s task force visualized these tiger reserves as breeding nuclei, from which surplus animals would migrate to adjacent forests.
  • The government has set up a Tiger Protection Force to combat poachers and funded relocation of villagers to minimize human-tiger conflicts.
GI(Geographical Indicator) Tags

[pib] List of certain G.I. Tagged Handloom Textile ProductsPIBPrelims Only

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Read the attached story

Mains level : NA


The Ministry of Textiles provides financial assistance for registration of handloom products under the Geographical Indications (GI) of Goods Act, 1999.

So far, 65 handloom products and 6 product logos are registered under GI Act. State- wise list of handloom products is as under:

[Note: It’s neither necessary nor possible to memorize all these GIs. But a simple overlook is advised.]

 

S.No.

Geographical Indications

Goods

State

1 Uppada Jamdani Sarees Handloom Andhra Pradesh
2 Venkatagiri Sarees Handloom Andhra Pradesh
3 Mangalagiri Sarees And Fabrics Handloom Andhra Pradesh
4 Dharmavaram Handloom Pattu Sarres And Paavadas Handloom Andhra Pradesh
5 Muga Silk of Assam Handloom Assam
6 Bhagalpur Silk Handloom Bihar
7 Champa Silk Saree And Fabrics Handloom Chhattisgarh
8 Tangaliya Shawl Handloom Gujarat
9 Kachchh Shawls Handloom Gujarat
10 Patan Patola Handloom Gujarat
11 Kullu Shawl Handloom Himachal Pradesh
12 Kinnauri Shawl Handloom Himachal Pradesh
13 Kashmir Pashmina Handloom Jammu & Kashmir
14 Kani Shawl Handloom Jammu & Kashmir
15 Navalgund Durries Handloom Karnataka
16 Ilkal Sarees Handloom Karnataka
17 Molakalmuru Sarees Handloom Karnataka
18 Udupi Sarees Handloom Karnataka
19 Cannanore Home Furnishings Handloom Kerala
20 Balaramapuram Sarees And Fine Cotton Fabrics Handloom Kerala
21 Kasaragod Sarees Handloom Kerala
22 Kuthampully Sarees Handloom Kerala
23 Chendamangalam Dhoties & Set Mundu Handloom Kerala
24 Kuthampully Dhoties & Set Mundu Handloom Kerala
25 Chanderi Sarees Handloom Madhya Pradesh
26 Maheshwar Sarees & Fabrics Handloom Madhya Pradesh
27 Solapur Chaddar Handloom Maharashtra
28 Paithani Sarees And Fabrics Handloom Maharashtra
29 Shaphee Lanphee Handloom Manipur
30 Wangkhei Phee Handloom Manipur
31  Moirang Phee Handloom Manipur
32 Kotpad Handloom Fabric Handloom Odisha
33 Orissa Ikat Handloom Odisha
34 Khandua Saree And Fabrics Handloom Odisha
35 Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics Handloom Odisha
36 Dhalapathar Parda & Fabrics Handloom Odisha
37 Sambalpuri Bandha Saree & Fabrics Handloom Odisha
38 Bomkai Saree & Fabrics Handloom Odisha
39 Habaspuri Saree & Fabrics Handloom Odisha
40 Berhampur Patta (Phoda Kumbha) Saree & Joda Handloom Odisha
41 Kota Doria Handloom Rajasthan
42 Kancheepuram Silk Handloom Tamil Nadu
43 Bhavani Jamakkalam Handloom Tamil Nadu
44 Madurai Sungudi Handloom Tamil Nadu
45 Arani Silk Handloom Tamil Nadu
46 Kovai Kora Cotton Sarees Handloom Tamil Nadu
47 Salem Silk know as Salem Venpattu Handloom Tamil Nadu
48 Pochampally Ikat Handloom Telangana
49 Gadwal Sarees Handloom Telangana
50 Siddipet Gollabama Handloom Telangana
51 Narayanpet Handloom Sarees Handloom Telangana
52 Agra Durrie Handloom Uttar Pradesh
53 Banaras Brocades And Sarees Handloom Uttar Pradesh
54 Mirzapur Handmade Dari Handloom Uttar Pradesh
55 Santipore Saree Handloom West Bengal
56 Baluchari Saree Handloom West Bengal
57 Dhaniakhali Saree Handloom West Bengal
58 RajKot Patola Handloom Gujarat
59 Mysore Silk Handloom Karnataka
60 Guledgudd Khana Handloom Karnataka
61 Solapur Terry Towel Handloom Maharashtra
62 Karvath Kati Tussar Sarees And Fabrics Handloom Maharashtra
63 Chakhesang Shawls Handloom Nagaland
64 Salem Fabric Handloom Tamil Nadu
65 Warangal Durries Handloom Telangana

 

Details of GI Registered Handloom Products Logos
1 Mysore Silk (Logo) Handloom Karnataka
2 Muga Silk of Assam (Logo) Handloom Assam
3 Kullu Shawl (Logo) Handloom Himachal Pradesh
4 Navalgund Durries (Logo) Handloom Karnataka
5 Kota Doria (Logo) Handloom Rajasthan
6 Banaras Brocades and Sarees (Logo) Handloom Uttar Pradesh

 

Animal Husbandry, Dairy & Fisheries Sector – Pashudhan Sanjivani, E- Pashudhan Haat, etc

[pib] Nationwide Artificial Insemination Programme (NAIP)PIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Pashu Aadhaar

Mains level : Bovine productivity in India


The Nationwide Artificial Insemination Programme (N.A.I.P) which was recently launched by PM covering 600 chosen districts including aspirational districts as identified by NITI Aayog.

Nationwide Artificial Insemination Programme

  • The NAIP is a campaign mode genetic upgradation program covering all breeds of bovines to enhance the milk production using low cost breeding technology.
  • It aims for improving genetic merit of milch animals with high quality seed.
  • The gestation period for getting the benefits from the AI bovine is approximately 3 years.

A mission mode project

  • The aim of the program is to inseminate over 1 crore bovines in 6 months.
  • The rate of Artificial Insemination is continuously increasing and has reached an average of 25,000 animals per day so far.
  • 8 Lakh Artificial Inseminations has been performed under this programme benefitting more than 3.7 lakh farmers as on 29th November, 2019.

Pashu Aadhaar

  • The NAIP also aims to ear-tag them with ‘PashuAadhaar’ which is a unique identification provided to the animals.
  • This will enable the Government to identify and track the animals uniquely with all details such as the breed, age, gender and owner details.
  • Every cow and buffalo under AI will be tagged and can be tracked through the Information Network on Animal Productivity and Health (INAPH) Database.
Skilling India – Skill India Mission,PMKVY, NSDC, etc.

[pib] Yuwaah Youth Skilling InitiativeIOCRPIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : YuWaah

Mains level : Various initiatives for Skill development in India



UNICEF has informed that they have launched ‘YuWaah’ Generation Unlimited in India.

YuWaah

  • YuWaah in is a multi-stakeholder alliance which aims to facilitate youth to gain relevant skills for productive lives and the future of work.
  • The target age group of YuWaah includes adolescent girls and boys and its key mission is to promote access to foundational, transferable and 21stcentury skills for youth inside and outside formal education systems.
  • This includes defining foundational skills, life skills and flexible learning and identifying and scaling impactful delivery models.
  • It intends to create platforms to guide youth to market opportunities (career guidance, mentorship, internships, apprenticeships) and facilitate integration of career guidance in school education.
Indian Army Updates

[pib] Exercise Him VijayPIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Exercise Him Vijay

Mains level : Peacetime efforts by Indian security forces


Indian Army undergoing its biggest transformation has started its biggest mountain assault exercise.

Exercise Him Vijay

  • The Indian Army Conducts routine military exercises every year.
  • It was one such endeavour.  It was conducted to validate operational capabilities of our combat formations.
  • The exercise is to test mobility, communication and coordination of such huge body of fast-moving troops in difficult terrain.
  • Indian Army is metamorphosing itself to incorporate changes for modern and quick and short war, added the Army officer.
  • During the last three years and the current year, about 72 joint exercises were conducted by Army, 39 by Navy, 21 by Air Force and 2 Tri-Service Exercises were conducted.
North-East India – Security and Developmental Issues

Loktak Inland Waterways ProjectPIBPrelims Only

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Loktak Lake

Mains level : Not Much


The Ministry of Shipping gave approval for the development of Loktak Inland Water ways improvement project in Manipur under the central sector scheme.

About Loktak Lake

  • It is the largest fresh water lake in North east located at Moirang in Manipur.
  • This lake is known for its circular floating swamps (called phumdis in the local language)
  • The term phumdis refers to a collection of heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matter at various stages of decomposition
  • Sangai is the state animal of Manipur. Its hooves are adapted to walk on the phumdis
  • The lake is now endangered, with innumerable threats like pollution, decline in diversity of avifauna and thinning of phumdis
  • The team will enumerate the steps required to be initiated for declaring Loktak Lake as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Higher Education – RUSA, NIRF, HEFA, etc.

[pib] Kartavya PortalPIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Kartavya Portal

Mains level : Nagrik Kartavya Paalan Abhiyan


Union HRD Minister has launched the kartavya.ugc.ac.in portal on the occasion of ‘Constitution Day’ as a part of countrywide year long Nagrik Kartavya Paalan Abhiyan.

Kartavya Portal

  • The portal will be used primarily for holding monthly essay competitions for students as well as other activities like quizzes, debates, poster making etc pertaining to Nagrik Kartavya Paalan Abhiyan.
  • This will make them aware that rights are automatically realized when we follow our duties religiously.
  • This principle will help the students to channelize their talents and capabilities in the right direction which will help them realize their mission with ease.
Indian Navy Updates

[pib] Exercise MILAN 2020PIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : About the Exercise

Mains level : NA



Naval Exercise MILAN 2020 is scheduled to be held at Vishakhapatnam in March 2020 in which 41 countries have been invited.

About the Exercise

  • The Government pursues cooperation initiatives with friendly foreign countries including in Indian Ocean Region through structured interactions like Staff Talks, Empowered Steering Group etc.
  • The areas of cooperation include Capacity Building, Marine Domain Awareness, Training, Hydrography, Technical Assistance, Operational Exercise etc.
  • 41 countries including Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, South Korea, the US, the UK, Australia, Vietnam, Myanmar, Iran, Sri Lanka, Thailand among others are going to participate.
Waste Management – SWM Rules, EWM Rules, etc

[pib] Hong Kong International Convention for Safe Recycling of Ships 2009IOCRPIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Hong Kong International Convention for Safe Recycling of Ships 2009

Mains level : Ship recycling industries in India



The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal for enactment of Recycling of Ships Bill, 2019 and accession to the Hong Kong International Convention for Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009.

Background

  • India is the leader in the global ship recycling industry, with a share of over 30% of the market.
  • As per UNCTAD report on Review of Maritime Transport, 2018, India had demolished 6323 tonnes in 2017, of known ship scrapping across the world.
  • The ship-recycling industry is a labour-intensive sector, but it is susceptible to concerns on environmental safety.

Recycling of Ships Bill, 2019

  • The proposed Bill restricts and prohibits the use or installation of hazardous material, which applies irrespective of whether a ship is meant for recycling or not.
  • For new ships, such restriction or prohibition on use of hazardous material will be immediate.
  • That is, from the date the legislation comes into force, while existing ships shall have a period of five years for compliance. Restriction or prohibition on use of hazardous material would not be applied to warships and non-commercial ships operated by Government.
  • Ships shall be surveyed and certified on the inventory of hazardous material used in ships.
  • Under the Bill, ship recycling facilities are required to be authorized and ships shall be recycled only in such authorized ship recycling facilities.
  • The Bill also provides that ships shall be recycled in accordance with a ship-specific recycling plan. Ships to be recycled in India shall be required to obtain a Ready for Recycling Certificate in accordance with the HKC

Salient features

  • The GoI has decided to enact a Bill, namely Recycling of Ships Bill, 2019, to provide for the regulation of recycling of ships by setting certain international standards and laying down the statutory mechanism for enforcement of such standards.
  • It has also been decided to accede to the Hong Kong International Convention for Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009.
  • When the Hong Kong International Convention for Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009 comes into force, its provisions will be implemented under the provisions of the Recycling of Ships Bill, 2019 and rules and regulations framed there under.

About Hong Kong Convention

  • The Hong Kong International Convention for the safe and environmentally sound recycling of ships, or Hong Kong Convention is a multilateral convention adopted in 2009, which has not entered into force.
  • The convention has been designed to try to improve the health and safety of current ship breaking practices.
  • The Hong Kong Convention recognised that ship recycling is the most environmentally sound way to dispose of a ship at the end of its life, as most of the ship’s materials can be reused.
J&K – The issues around the state

[pib] Himayat MissionPIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Himayat Mission

Mains level : Ensuring effective governance in J&K



The Jammu and Kashmir administration is working on effective implementation of Himayat Mission.

Himayat Mission

  • It is an initiative of Union Ministry of Rural Development.
  • It is implemented by Jammu & Kashmir Entrepreneurship Development Institute (JKEDI) with Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India (EDI) Ahmedabad, as coordinating /monitoring agency.
  • The project aims to generate sustainable livelihood opportunities through self employment for the youth of Jammu and Kashmir by the crosscutting approaches of holistic entrepreneurship development programs.
  • It aims at providing entrepreneurial skills for sustainable livelihood to 10,000 youth of J&K and facilitate access to finance and support services to at least 50% of them over a period of 3.5 Years.
  • Under this, 42 projects have been sanctioned for training and placement target of 68,134 youths.
Mother and Child Health – Immunization Program, BPBB, PMJSY, PMMSY, etc.

[pib] Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 2.0PIB

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Mission Indradhanush

Mains level : Immunization programme in India



Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare have reviewed the preparedness within States for rollout of Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 2.0.

Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0

  • IMI was launched from Vadnagar in 2017 and immunization has been given a strong push in the Gram Swaraj Abhiyaan and Extended Gram Swaraj Abhiyaan.
  • The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts in 27 States and shall be implemented in the block level (652 blocks) in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
  • In October 2017, the PM Modi launched IMI, an ambitious plan to accelerate progress.
  • It aimed to achieve 90% full immunization coverage with focus towards districts and urban areas with persistently low levels.
  • IMI was built on MI, using additional strategies to reach populations at high risk, by involving sectors other than health.
  • It was an effort to shift routine immunization into a Jan Andolan, or a “peoples’ movement”.

Salient features of IMI 2.0

  • Immunization activity will be in four rounds over 7 working days excluding the RI days, Sundays and holidays.
  • Enhanced immunization session with flexible timing, mobile session and mobilization by other departments.
  • Enhanced focus on left-outs, dropouts, and resistant families and hard to reach areas.
  • Focus on urban, underserved population and tribal areas.
  • Inter-ministerial and inter-departmental coordination.
  • Enhance political, administrative and financial commitment, through advocacy.
  • IMI immunization drive, consisting of 4 rounds of immunization will be conducted in the selected districts and urban cities from Dec 2019 to March 2020.